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Natuurwetenskappe

Graad 9

Lewensprosesse: ‘n gesonde lewe

Module 10

Senuwees en sensitiwiteit

  • Sensitiwiteit is die vermoë wat jy het om op jou veranderende omgewing (intern en ekstern) te reageer.
TERM VERDUIDELIKING
Stimulus 'n Omgewingsverandering
Reseptore Spesiale selle of organe wat stimulus opvang
Impuls Boodskap soos wat dit vanaf reseptore na brein of rugmurg gaan
SSS Sentrale senuweesisteem: brein + rugmurg
Neuron Senuweesel
Effektore Spiere of kliere wat op boodskappe reageer

Aktiwiteit: TABELLE VOLTOOI - senuwees

1. Skryf die stimulusreaksiepad neer vir wanneer 'n by jou op die hand steek

2. Vul die byskrifte in op die skets van die brein en neuron.

Neuron

Brein

3. Voltooi die funksietabel:

STRUKTUUR FUNKSIE
Brein -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rugmurg ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Motoriese neuron -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sensoriese neuron -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5. VIND UIT:

  • Hoekom

a) jy jou oë knip

b) jou neus loop as jy gehuil het

c) jou pupille groot word in 'n donker vertrek

d) kos na niks proe as jou neus toe is nie

Die effekte van dwelmmiddels en alkohol op die brein

Wanneer jou liggaam pyn verduur, gebruik jy pynstillers om die pyn te verwyder. Jy kan dus baie maklik jou senuweesisteem se gevoelsvermoë beheer. Medikasie kan dus nuttig wees, maar soms word dit misbruik.

So word dwelmmiddels gebruik om opwinding te verskaf en dit is gevaarlik, aangesien dit AFHANKLIKHEID en 'n TOLERANSIE vir sekere vlakke kan bewerkstellig. Dit is dan wanneer sterker en meer dwelms gebruik moet word.

DWELMMIDDEL EFFEK
PYNSTILLERS :Morfien en Heroïen
  • onderdruk pyn
  • verdoof sintuie
STIMULANTE :Kaffeïne, nikotien, Ecstasy, anti-depressante
  • versnel breinaktiwiteit
  • angstigheid
  • lei tot depressie
KALMEERMIDDELS :Alkohol en slaappille
  • vertraag breinaktiwiteit
  • wilskrag, oordeel en selfbeheer aangetas
  • traagheid en visie-steurings
HALLUSINOGENE :Dagga en LSD
  • gevoel van behaaglikheid
  • ervaar iets wat nie daar is nie
  • skisofrenie

  • Waarom wend jong mense hulle tot dwelms?

Assessering: TOEPASSING

Kon jy jou kennis toepas?

[LU 2.4]

Assessering

LU 2

Konstruksie van Wetenskapkennis

Die leerder ken, interpreteer en pas wetenskaplike, tegnologiese en omgewingskennis toe.

Dit is bewys as die leerder:

2.1 betekenisvolle inligting kan onthou;

2.2 inligting kan kategoriseer;

2.3 inligting kan interpreteer;

2.4 kennis kan toepas.

Memorandum

Senuwees en sensitiwiteit

AKTIWITEIT: TABELLE VOLTOOI - senuwees

1. prikkel/stimulus – reseptor – impuls – sss – impuls – effektor

2. byskrifte: skets brein + neuron

3. Voltooi die funksie tabel:

STRUKTUUR FUNKSIE
Brein Besluitneming; redenasie; geheue; denkprosesse; sintuie;
Rugmurg Refleksreaskies
Motoriese neuron Impulse na spiere en kliere vanaf sss
Sensoriese neuron Impulse na sss vanaf simsorgane

4. a) refleksaksie om oog te smeer met smeermiddel

b) trane dreineer in traanbuis wat agter in keelholte open – ook agterkant van neusholte

c) opening vergroot om meer lig in te laat

d) neusreseptore tydelik uit aksie; tong proe net soet, suur, sout en bitter

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Miggie Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11068/1.1
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