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In the 2000 United States census, a total of 281.4 million residents were counted. [That figure excludes the populations in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (United States Census Bureau.)] Up from 249 million, the growth in population between 1990 and 2000 represents the largest growth in population than in any previously recorded decade (Business – Higher Education Forum). The number of Hispanics or Latinos within that total of 281.4 million came to 35.3 million (or 12.5 percent). Mexicans accounted for 7.3 percent of the total population of the United States, Puerto Ricans 1.2 percent, Cubans 0.4 percent, and other Hispanics 3.6 percent. (Keep in mind that the population of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is not included in this total.) (United States Census Bureau)

People of Hispanic origin, in particular, were those who indicated their origin was Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or some other Hispanic origin. For example, respondents who indicated that they were of Mexican origin could either have been born in Mexico or be of Mexican heritage. Of course, people of Hispanic origin could be of any race (United States Census Bureau).

Even before Census 2000, the Census Bureau predicted that the non-Hispanic White share of the population in the United States would fall from the 1995 figure of 74 percent to 64 percent in 2020 and to 53 percent in 2050. Between now and 2050, the Bureau projected that Hispanics would represent the largest share of population growth and the African American population would nearly double (Business – Higher Education Forum).

Census 2000 marked the first time that the term “Latino” appeared on the census form. Respondents who marked “other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino” had additional space to note Hispanic origins, such as Salvadoran or Dominican, a practice that was started in the 1990 census. In the 1990 and 1980 censuses, respondents were asked if they were of “Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent” and, if so, to choose Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish/Hispanic (United State Census Bureau).

Surprisingly, the census in 1970 was the first to include a separate question specifically on Hispanic origin, although it was only asked of a 5 percent sample of households. In that census, respondents were asked to choose whether their origin or descent was Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish. Prior to the 1970 census, Hispanic origin was determined only indirectly. For example, the censuses of 1960 and 1950 collected and published data for “persons of Spanish surname” in the five southwestern states of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas, whereas the 1940 census identified people who reported Spanish as their “mother tongue.” Mexican was used as a category within the race question only in the 1930 census (United States Census Bureau).

The Hispanic population increased by more than 50 percent since the 1990 census. In the ten-year period between the 1990 census and the 2000 census, the Hispanic population grew from 22.4 million to 35.3 million (an increase of 57.9 percent). That compares with an increase of 13.2 percent for the total U.S. population. The rate of growth among Hispanics varied according to group. Mexicans increased by 52.9 percent, from 13.5 million to 20.6 million; Puerto Ricans increased by 24.9 percent, from 2.7 million to 3.4 million; Cubans increased by 18.9 percent, from 1.0 million to 1.2 million; and Hispanics who reported other origins increased by 96.9 percent, from 5.1 million to 10.0 million. As a result of those growth rates, the distribution among Hispanics according to origin changed. In 2000, Mexicans comprised 58.5 percent of all Hispanics (down from 60.4 percent in 1990), Puerto Ricans represented 9.6 percent (down from 12.2 percent), Cubans were 3.5 percent (down from 4.7 percent), and the remaining 28.4 percent were of other Hispanic origins (up from 22.8 percent). Among the 10.0 million other Hispanics in 2000, 1.7 million were Central American, 1.4 million were South American, and 765,000 were Dominican (United State Census Bureau).

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: considerations for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jul 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11174/1.28
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