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One possible way to layout your gates and pins on the grid

  • The final step will be to connect all our components together. As previously mentioned, we can run wires directly between components or make wireless connections.
  • To make a wired connection, either select the orthogonal node tool or move your mouse over one of the ports on a symbol, the pointer should change to the look like the node tool. Then click and drag from the origin port to the port you wish to reach and release. Be careful not to intersect any other ports as this will cause them to be joined to the wire, although crossing over other wires will not create a connection. You can tell if a wire is connected to something by the large dot, the typical indicator of connections in circuit diagrams. Go ahead and connect up the inputs to the two AND gates so that they will function as the beginning of a MUX.

Possible circuit wiring for the first stage of the MUX

  • While this method is fairly straightforward, it has its disadvantages such as possible unintended connections and vast webs of wiring on more complicated circuits. We can simplify the process with wireless connections.
  • Unfortunately, you cannot directly name ports. Instead we will connect a small piece of wire to the ports and name this wire. Any wires on the grid which share the same name are connected together.
  • Begin by placing short bits of wire at all the remaining ports in the circuit. A length of one on the grid is sufficient though a length of two may be easier to work with. Once placed, right click on the wire and select properties.
  • Under the General tab you can enter a name for the selected wire. As with project names, Quartus won’t allow for spaces so either remove them or use underscores. To connect any other wire with this named one, simply repeat the procedure. Using this wireless method, connect the remainder of the MUX together.

Example wireless connections

  • The final step before we get to pin connections is to make sure our circuit is functional. On the left side of the screen is the Tasks menu where we can find a variety of commands to create a finished design file. Eventually we will want to compile our whole design, though for now we can simply go through the Anaylsis&Synthesis step. Double click on Analysis&Synthesis for Quartus to check over the circuit for any potential issues such as unconnected ports. If Quartus finds something wrong it will halt the process and display the error in the message box at the bottom of the screen.
An unsuccessful analysis&synthesis process due to an unconnected port

Defining i/o connections

  • Once we’ve successfully performed Analysis&Synthesis we are ready to move on to defining pin connections. In order to do this we first need to know the pin addresses of the input and output devices on our DE0 board. These can be found in the DE0 User Manual on pages 24-29, pages 27-32 of the PDF. For now we will only be looking at the switch and LED pin assignments.
  • For each entry in the assignment table, the signal name corresponds to the identifier printed on the board next to the relavent device and the pin name tells us where we should connect to in order to access that device.
  • To specify these connections we will use the Pin Planner located under Assignments->Pin Planner. By performing Analysis and Synthesis earlier, we gave Quartus information on how many I/O pins we had on our circuit diagram and what their names were. Now we just need to connect these with pins on the board. By putting in the name of a physical pin under the Location column in the Pin Planner, we tie that point on our board to the specified point on our circuit.
  • Although we’ll be using a particular pin layout here, you can setup your pin assignments in whatever way you feel works best for you. On future labs/projects pin layouts will already be setup so the labbies and in particular the project graders will be expecting a particular board setup and you should leave assignments as they are.
  • For this example we’ll use the rightmost slider switch, SW[0], for our select signal. Since we can see in the user manual that SW[0]is tied to PIN_J6, we simply type this, or even just J6 and it will fill in the name, into the Location column next to the “select” listing under the Node Name column. We’ll continue in this fashion, assigning “data1” to SW[1] at PIN_H5, “data2” to SW[2]at PN_H6, and assigning “out” to the rightmost LED, LEDG[0] at PIN_J1.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Intro to computational engineering: elec 220 labs. OpenStax CNX. Mar 11, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11405/1.2
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