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This module represents a discussion of vowel modification. Usually singers, particularly young singers, tend toward too much brightness in their vowel production. Suggestions are made here to assist in modifying the vowel sounds toward a deeper, richer result.

Darkening vowels

Young voices tend to sing with too much shallowness and brightness in the tone. Modification of the brighter vowels to a darker vowel will actually bring the voices to a desired vowel somewhere in the middle of the tonal color range.

Choirs can also successfully shade a vowel by thinking one vowel while singing another. The same effect can be obtained by implying one vowel while singing another. It is also quite easy to ask a choir to "feed a little oo" into an | i | (ee) vowel to help the depth of the tone.

Often the | i | (ee) vowel, for example, is shallow and piercing. Generally more room in the mouth is needed to give the vowel a deeper sound. In addition, the choir may be instructed to shape more for | u | (oo) and sing | i | (ee). Do not shape quite enough toward | u | (oo) to make the German umlauted | u | sound, however.

When one asks for a darker color one should not confuse this with asking for a darker quality, or what is usually known as throatiness. The vocal production can remain the same but the color of the vowel will be changed.

Another vowel that often lacks any true placement in young singers is the | I | (ih) vowel. If it is not properly placed it will sound blatant and will also affect the intonation. By placing some of the vowel | u | (oo) into this sound, it will have a better shape and produce a more pleasant tone.

Choirs tend to sing many words without much thought. One of the results of this is a lack of continuity in the vowel production. Some words will be dark, others bright, and others somewhere in between these two extremes. In order to create a more musical and flowing line, a conductor must have the ability to slightly alter vowel sounds. When one trims the harsh edge off a vowel sound or modifies one vowel to match others in the line, one will begin to hear the refinement in the tone that is desired.

Table 4.4 lists several vowels that often need modification with amateur singers. Judicious use of this chart will be an aid to a choral director. If the technique is overdone, it will, as will the extreme or misguided use of any method, have adverse effects on the sound of the ensemble.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
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da
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Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
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da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
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Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
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Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
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Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
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What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
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how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
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Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
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why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
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?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Choral techniques. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11191/1.1
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