<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Arts and culture

Grade 4

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 24

Dance: the ball dance

The ball dance, cooling down and stretching

Activity 1

To use props in creating dance: the ball dance [lo 1.2]

After the warm-up, you can now begin to demonstrate the movement of the whole body. There are five basic body activities:

  • travel (moving from one place to another);
  • turn (to move around an axis);
  • elevation (to move to a higher level);
  • gesture (motion of the hands, head or body to express or emphasise an idea or emotion);
  • weight transference (to change body weight from one point to another);
  • keep these principles in mind when conducting the next exercise.


  • Bring a ball to the class.
  • Experiment at home with different movements which you can create by using a ball.
  • Select a piece of music to accompany your dance – look for songs with “ball”, “bounce”, “jump”, etc. in them.

Helpful hints for creating your dance:

  • hold the ball in both hands;
  • walk, run, travel, turn, jump with the ball;
  • lift and lower the ball on different levels (high, middle, low) while moving;
  • combine arm movements with the ball, with the travelling movements;
  • hold the ball in one hand while executing movements;
  • throw and catch the ball while moving;
  • place the ball on the floor and move around it;
  • put your foot on the ball;
  • select movements from your experimentation exercise and put them together to create a short dance with the ball sequence;
  • be creative! – try to think of interesting movements to do with your ball and dance movements;
  • practise and perform your dance for the rest of the class.

Activity 2

To cool down and stretch the body after executing the exercises [lo 1.1]

It is important that you stretch your muscles after the exercise If you do not stretch after the class, you will feel stiff and sore the next day.

Breathing exercise:

  • Stand with feet a hip-width apart, arms hanging at the sides.
  • Inhale through the nose, raising arms above the head.
  • Exhale through the mouth, dropping arms and bending knees at the same time.
  • Repeat 4 times.

Neck stretch:

  • Raise right arm straight up, put arm over head, touch the left side of the head.
  • Slowly pull the head to the right towards the shoulder and drop the left shoulder.
  • Repeat on left side.

Arm stretch: take the right arm across the chest and with the left hand slowly pull arm towards the body – repeat on left side.

Back stretch: bend knees, knees and feet facing forwards – lean forwards and place hands on knees – contract back upwards (like a cat) and release – repeat four times.

Body stretch:

  • Stand with feet a hip-width apart – knees slightly bent – arms hanging down at the sides.
  • Reach up towards the ceiling with your arms – stretching your body upwards.
  • Stand on your toes while stretching upwards towards the ceiling.
  • Release to crouching position in a low level.
  • Repeat four times.

Hamstring and calve stretch:

  • Keep hands on the floor.
  • Straighten legs.
  • Keep upper body bent forward – head down.
  • Hold stretch for eight counts.


  • Slowly curl up – head coming up last.
  • Shake all moveable body parts.
  • Bow to your educator to say “thank you” for the class.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.1 in preparing the body, follows a teacher-directed warm-up and skill-developing ritual, with attention to safe use of the body, for example:

- knees aligned over toes when bending;

- articulation (toe-heel-bend) of the feet and bending knees when landing from jumps;

- good posture at all times.

1.2 uses cans, stones, newspapers, materials, chairs, balls and a large variety of objects/props to improvise and compose movement sequences.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Arts and culture grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?