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This research study involved interaction via questionnaire and semi structured interviews with a range of stakeholders who have a direct interest and significant influence on the development of a sustainable nanotechnology cluster in the South West Wales region. Recommendations have emerged from the study which strategy and policy makers may find useful. They fall broadly into the five components of such a cluster as hypothesised by the work, namely people, science, economy, culture and governance. Some recommendations could clearly be included in more than one of the components; however, the following categorisation is broadly in line with the discussion.


  • That the Higher Education (HE) sector ensures that there is an education provision in place at undergraduate and postgraduate level tailored to the needs of regional emerging clusters.
  • That those programmes and indeed all HE programmes should include a business theme as part of the ethos of a programme and not simply have a module that may be ‘tacked on’ in order to make a token gesture.
  • That HE provision should seek to develop an open, collaborative, global mindset in the student population, thereby preparing them for the economic landscape of the 21 st Century.
  • That HE should seek to recruit and retain academics who also reflect the open, collaborative and global philosophy thereby not only contributing to the broader economic life of the region but also serving as mentors in that regard to the students under their influence.


  • That pockets of world class research are essential if a region is to develop a sustainable knowledge cluster.
  • The research has to relevant to the world of business and to the targeted sector.
  • That the intellectual property (IP) generated must have a clear translational route leading to the creation of value.
  • That the science is embedded in culture appropriately governed by a system, which understands the science, the sector and the world of business.


  • That key stakeholders in Wales establish a protocol for communicating individual value imperatives.
  • That a road map leading to the creation of value be a prerequisite for any application for public sector funding initiatives.
  • That the Business Schools of Wales be engaged in a strategy for developing the management talent tailored for knowledge business.
  • That a dialogue on the subject of the most appropriate approach to risk amongst stakeholders should lead to a common understanding of organisational perspectives and protocols for dealing with the issues in a pragmatic and timely manner.
  • That a dialogue on the subject of the most appropriate KPIs amongst stakeholders should lead to a common understanding of organisational perspectives and protocols for measuring progress along the value road map in a meaningful manner.


  • That regional stakeholders recognise the need to develop in partnership a culture that recognises the need to be open, collaborative and global.
  • That an integrated regional communications strategy be put in place that ensures that success is celebrated.
  • That partners, particularly in the public sector, recognise the need to be outcome rather than process driven.
  • That openness to realising activities delivering combined public and private sector outcomes become embedded with a “can do” mindset.


  • That a strategy is put in place to enable a dialogue between the governance infrastructure of key stakeholders driving collaborative work to a common vision
  • That key regional stakeholders adopt open, global, multidisciplinary working as their modus operandi .
  • That regions steward their knowledge economies by effectively combining the five core components of: people, culture, economics, science and governance.
  • That institutions embed collaborative working within their strategic plans reflecting their role within the regional innovation system.
  • That processes are established and operated to facilitate and support activity, removing barriers and obstacles rather than creating them.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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