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INTERNAL BLEEDING:

Internal bleeding results when blood vessels rupture, allowing blood to leak into body cavities. It could be a result of adirect blow to the body, a fracture, a sprain, or a bleeding ulcer. If a victim receives an injury to the chest or abdomen, internal bleeding should besuspected. He will probably feel pain and tenderness in the affected area.

Other symptoms to watch for:

  • cold, clammy skin
  • pale face and lips
  • weakness or fainting
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • thirstiness
  • rapid, weak, irregular pulse
  • shortness of breath
  • dilated pupils
  • swelling or bruising at the site of injury

The more symptoms that are experienced, the more extensive the internal bleeding is.

WHAT TO DO FOR THE VICTIM:

  • Check for an open airway and begin rescue breathing if necessary.
  • Call for medical help as soon as possible and keep the victim comfortable until help arrives.
  • The victim may rinse his mouth with water, but DO NOT give a victim of internal bleeding anything to drink.

Convulsions

A convulsion (violent, involuntary contraction or muscle spasm) can be caused by epilepsy or sudden illness. Convulsion, orseizures, are not likely to cause death unless the victim stops breathing. The victim should be check by medical personnel.

SYMPTOMS:

  • victim's muscles become stiff and hard, followed by jerkingmovements
  • he may bite his tongue or stop breathing
  • face and lips may turn a bluish color
  • may drool excessively or foam at the mouth

WHAT TO DO:

  • Clear all objects away from the victim and place something soft under his head
  • Do not place anything between his teeth or in his mouth
  • Do not give the victim any liquids
  • If the vicitm stops breathing, check to see that the airway is open and begin rescue breathing
  • Stay calm and keep the victim comfortable until help arrives.

Most convulsions are followed by a period of unconsciousness or another convulsion.

Electric shock

  • Remove the victim from the source of electricity before you touch him. Either turn off the master switch to disconnect the power, or use anonmetal, dry object such as a stick to pull the wire or electrical source away from the victim's body.
  • If he is not breathing, begin rescue breathing immediately; a victim whose heart has stopped breathing needs CPR.
  • If the person is unconscious, but is breathing and has a heartbeat, you should place him in the recovery position and monitor his breathingand heart rate until medical help arrives.

Heatstroke

  • Cool the body of a heatstroke victim immediately.
  • If possible, put him in cool water; wrap him in cool wet clothes; or sponge his skin with cool water, rubbing alcohol, ice, or cold packs.
  • Once the victim's temperature drops to about 101 F, you may lay him in the recovery position in a cool room.
  • If the temperature begins to rise again, you will need to repeat the cooling process.
  • If he/she is able to drink, you may give him some water.
  • DO NOT GIVE A HEATSTROKE VICTIM ANY KIND OF MEDICATION.
  • You should watch for signs of shock while waiting for medical attention.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Health education course. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10330/1.1
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