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Both the ACLS and ASAE surveys indicate that the predominant motivations for joining a learned society are the intangible benefits of community participation and professional interest, and the ASAE study indicated that academics are the strongest supporters of their membership organizations. Dalton and Dignam (2007), 58. In the absence of data specific to its membership, a society may reasonably assume that its members will exhibit the same motivations to membership as the ACLS and ASCE surveys suggest.

In addition to the intangible benefits of society membership—such as maintaining professional identity and expressing community affinity—a society offers additional tangible benefits that its members value. The pressure that online institutional site licenses exert on a society’s membership will depend, in part, on the perceived value of the society’s entire suite of benefits. The following sections discuss typical member benefits and how they might be perceived by a society’s membership.

Reasons for society membership

Publication benefits

The manner in which a society’s publication benefit is structured—in particular, the provision of a member print subscription—can deliver value that complements member online access. Therefore, a society should assess how its members perceive its entire suite of publication benefits.

Convenience of print subscription

While researchers value the discovery power and added functionality of online journal content, many continue to value the convenience of a personal print subscription. This preference for print is driven by the positive attributes of working with paper, an aversion to reading large bodies of text online, and perceived deficiencies in online journals. And while it is slightly more likely to be perceived by faculty in the arts and humanities and social sciences, it exists across all disciplines, including the sciences. See Sellen and Harper (2002), esp. 75f.; Schottlaender (2004), 37-42, which examines preference and use across disciplines and by user type and other variables within the University of California system; King and Montgomery (2002), which compares faculty and graduate student use in the sciences; and Anderson (2004), which compares print and online use for the New England Journal of Medicine . For such members, online institutional access seems an insufficient motivation to cancel their memberships in a society, even were the journal the sole benefit of membership. Obviously, this situation could change over time, if online reading technologies improve sufficiently. However, the dearth of electronic-only journals suggests that most publishers recognize that print, at least for now, retains its value for many subscribers. See Ware (2005a).

That said, a society must assess the extent to which its own members value print. While a number of studies examine how usage of print and online resources varies by discipline, user type, age, and other characteristics, For an overview of such use-preference studies, see Rowlands (2007); Tenopir (2003), 28ff. Also see Tenopir and King (2002), 173-175. there is relatively little data that speaks directly to the retention of personal print subscriptions. In terms of age, there are some indications that availability of a journal in print format is less important for authors and readers under thirty-five. See Tenopir (2003), 30-31; and Rowlands, Nicholas, and Huntingdon (2004), 12. Thus, the age of a society’s membership may also affect the extent to which individual members value print. A society that gathers sufficiently detailed demographic data from its members can use age information, in the aggregate, to gauge the potential for print retention on the part of its members.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Transitioning a society journal online: a guide to financial and strategic issues. OpenStax CNX. Aug 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11222/1.1
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