# 0.6 Data flow control  (Page 3/3)

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## Continue if true

At times it is more convenient to let the while loop iterate while the condition is True. To change the loop condition , right click on the loop condition icon and select Continue if True from the pop-up menu.

[link] shows the Loop Condition set to Continue if True .

## Shift registers

Programmatically, while loop shift registers are identical to for loop shift registers . Refer to [link] for the discussion. However, an example is provided to illustrate the use of shift registers in while loops.

In the following example, Euler’s number e is computed to the specified accuracy using the infinite series

$e=\sum _{n=0}^{n=\infty }\frac{1}{n!}=1+\sum _{n=0}^{n=\infty }\frac{1}{n!}=1+\frac{1}{1!}+\frac{1}{2!}+\frac{1}{3!}+\dots =2.7182818284$

Notice that two shift registers keep track of the factorial and the sum. Also notice the dot in the multiplication. This is because the loop iteration is an integer 32 data type and the input from one of the shift registers is double precision numeric. The dot represents that the integer 32 data type has been coerced into a double precision number.

Save the program as e.vi . The result of running this program is shown in [link] .

## Enabling auto-indexing

By default, while loops are auto-indexed disabled. In order for while loops to process and generate arrays, the loop tunnel must be enabled to auto-indexed arrays.

To enable auto-indexing, right click on the loop tunnel and select Enable Indexing from the pop-up menu.

In this example the while loop appropriately generates a 1,000 element numeric array with random numbers.

## Sequence

Although G was designed to easily develop interactive, parallel programs, it is sometimes necessary to execute diagrams in sequential order. The sequence structure allows G diagrams to execute sequentially.

The following examples time in milliseconds (ms) the execution of a G diagram. The sequence of events is get a start time stamp, execute the diagram, get stop time stamp and take the difference between the stop and start times to determine the execution time.

## Flat sequence

Flat Sequences always execute left to right. A Flat Sequence structure starts with a single frame and allows a user to visualize the diagram sequences.

To add frames to a sequence, right click on the sequence structure and select either Add Frame After or Add Frame Before from the pop-up menu according to the program’s needs.

Add two more frames to the sequence structure to get a three frame sequence as shown in [link] .

From the Functions>>Programming>>Timing menu select Tick Count (ms) function.

Drop the Tick Count (ms) function in the first (left most) frame of this sequence. Make a copy of the Tick Count function and place it on the third (right most) frame as shown in [link] .

Add a For Loop that iterates 5,000 times to the second frame. Add a subtract operator, an unsigned integer 32 output and complete the program as shown in [link] . The execution of this program shows the time in milliseconds it took for the 2 nd sequential frame to execute.

## Stacked sequence

A Stacked Sequence provides a more compact representation of program sequences. It is programmatically identical to the Flat Sequence with the exception that a Sequence Local enables data to flow to subsequent frames. Additionally, as frames are added, a Sequence Selector provides access to the desired frame (see [link] ).

For this timing example, start with a Stacked Sequence and add 3 more frames. The sequence frames are labeled 0, 1, 2 and 3 and will execute in that order.

Go to the first frame (frame 0) and add a Tick Count (ms) function. Right click on the sequence structure and select Add Sequence Local from the pop-up menu.

The Sequence Local is shown as an undefined tunnel. Wire the Tick Count (ms) function to the Sequence Local to define the tunnel data type and data flow. Data can now flow from frame 0 to the other frames as needed.

Go to the next frame sequence (frame 1) and enter the program to be timed.

Go to the third frame of the sequence (frame 2), add a Tick Count (ms) function, add another Sequence Local and wire the Tick Count (ms) to the new Sequence Local . The wired sequence frame is shown in [link] .

Go to the last frame (frame 3) and add a Subtract function. Wire the Sequence Locals from frame 2 and frame 0 to the Subtract function as shown in [link] . To complete the diagram, wire the output of the Subtract function to the unsigned integer 32 output.

It is important to note that the programs in [link] and [link] are programmatically identical.

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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