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Yet another important consequence of the nature of magnetic force is that a charged particle in magnetic field keeps changing direction of motion of the particle all the time. Since direction of velocity is changed every instant, direction of magnetic force being perpendicular to it is also changed all the time. Note that direction of magnetic force is automatically adjusted or changed with the motion. If the particle does not escape out of the magnetic field, the implication is that the particle may approximate a circular path. At any moment – whether particle completes a circular path or not – the magnetic force acts in radial direction to the motion. On a comparison note, we can see that the electric force is independent of the direction of motion. It is along electric field. It does not change with motion.

Lorentz magnetic force

Magnetic force changes direction as direction of motion changes.

We make use of this feature in many important applications like cyclotron to accelerate particle or entrapping plasma etc. But we should be aware of its role in these applications. The effect of Magnetic force is limited to change in direction only. Change in speed is effected by electric field.

Magnitude of magnetic force

The magnetic field is a weak field and so is the magnetic force. Let us consider an electron moving with a velocity 3 X 10 7 m/s in a magnetic field of 5 X 10 - 3 T. If velocity and magnetic field are perpendicular to each other, then magnetic force on the electron is :

F M = q v B = 1.6 X 10 - 19 X 3 X 10 7 X 5 X 10 - 3 = 2.4 X 10 - 14 N

Clearly, magnetic force is really very weak. However, even this weak force is great enough for subatomic particle like electron. For example, the acceleration of electron due to this magnetic force is :

a = F M m = 2.4 X 10 - 14 9.1 X 10 - 31 = 2.6 X 10 16 m / s 2

Indeed this is an extraordinary acceleration.

Context of lorentz force law

Lorentz magnetic force law completes the picture on “effect side” in the study of electromagnetism. The “cause side” i.e. generation of magnetic field is described by Biot-Savart law. Thus, Lorentz force law describes the effect of electric and magnetic fields on a test charge – but not the cause of these fields. This is a serious limitation because test charge on its own is also the cause of electric and magnetic fields. These fields, in turn, would modify the fields operating on the test charge.

Also, the electromagnetic force causes acceleration of test charge. An accelerated charge, in turn, radiates. As such, application of Lorentz force law by itself would not be sufficient to describe motion of test charge. A charged electron which is expected to describe a circular motion under magnetic field without consideration of radiation would actually spiral down with radiation as shown in the figure and expected motion might simply be not there.

Motion of charge under magnetic field

Motion of charge under magnetic field

Recall that this was the reason for which Rutherford’s atomic model was eventually rejected and Bohr’s model was accepted. We shall, however, ignore radiation while studying motion of charged particles under electromagnetic fields – unless state specifically to consider radiation.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Electricity and magnetism. OpenStax CNX. Oct 20, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10909/1.13
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