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English first additional language

English with tim and tina

Educator section


The topics chosen for the modules in Grade 1 are all related to stories which reflect the learners’ experience in the world in which they are growing up. They are relevant to both boys and girls.

Much depends on the number of times the learners hear the stories and rhymes and the provision made for the repetition of the vocabulary introduced. At first this is done classically. As the learners become more familiar with English they can communicate with a friend. Eventually they will want to tell the teacher and answer questions about the texts.

The educators must keep in mind that there may be many/some learners in the class who are still only at the listening stage, but with the necessary encouragement and praise they will soon join in and begin speaking in English.

Time scheduled for the modules 1 to 8

It is suggested that the average learners complete all eight modules during the year, finishing ± two modules per term.

Allow the slower learners to proceed at their own pace when doing the written activities but expose them to all the listening and speaking activities with the class.

The quick learners can be extended and given more tasks and activities to complete.

Tim and Tina are off to school. Days of the week and their order are introduced through a poem which the learners can repeatedly listen to and eventually memorise. Tim and Tina teach learners to use words relating to: direction, e.g. up, down, round, across, into; clothes; classrooms; writing tools and how to make a sandwich.

The correct pronunciation is important at this stage and the educator will ensure that pupils put their tongues between their front teeth for words with th (“the”).

Integration of themes

  • Human Rights and Inclusively

Education is a basic right for everybody. Therefore schools should be there to educate learners, irrespective of status.

  • A healthy environment

The school environment needs to be attractive, well cared for and safe.

It is suggested that the educator records sounds in the school environment. Learners listen to the tape and identify, e.g., a bell ringing, children singing, someone reading, children playing and an educator talking. Learners can identify the school as the place where these sounds occur.

When the vocabulary, e.g. pencil, book, ruler, etc., are introduced, the educator can put these articles in a bag. The learners can take turns to feel an article, try to describe it, name it and then take it out to see whether they are correct. Flashcards with the words, can help with word recognition.

Pages which are to be kept in their files, can be used for the game "Flip the Coin", to be played with a friend. Encourage learners to read these pages to friends and also at home for practice.

Correct pronunciation is important and the educator should particularly take note that learners pronounce the "th" as in "the" correctly.

Whenever the word "read" occurs, the class say the lines with the educator. They can point to the words as they are read.

The school situation lends itself to much practical work as regards the correct form of greeting someone, as well as politeness when saying "thank you" and "please".

Messages taken by the learners to other educators or to the school secretary can be opportunities for reinforcing the terms for politeness and the correct greeting forms. These can be practised on a daily basis, even in the second language.

LO 2.4

Learners will enjoy making their own sandwiches. This lesson can be preceded by group discussions where learners plan their own sandwiches and decide how they are going to make them (Technology). They need not all make cheese sandwiches. They should be encouraged to bring a variety of fillings and then to talk about them.

Leaner section


  • Listen and talk about . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The school

  • Where is the roof? (show)

(Say) The school has a roof.

  • Where is the door? (show)

(Say) The school has a door.

  • Where are the windows? (show)

(Say) The school has many windows.

  • Where is the garden? (show)

(Say) The school has a garden.

  • Where are the trees? (show)

(Say) There are trees in the garden.

  • Where are the flowers? (show)

(Say) There are flowers in the garden.

LO 2.6 LO 3.1.3

At school

  • Look at the next page. The numbers will help you.
  • Count and fill in the correct numbers.
  • Tim and Tina see . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LO 3.1.3 LO 5.1.2
LO 2.6
  • Find these in the classroom.
  • Read and draw.

The classroom has . . . . . . . . . . .

LO 2.6 LO 3.1.1


Learning Outcome 2: SPEAKING : The learner is able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

Assessment Standard 2.6: We know this when the learner pronounces familiar words clearly.

Learning Outcome 3: READING AND VIEWING : The learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment Standard 3.1: We know this when the learner uses pictures to understand written texts:

3.1.1 makes sense of a picture story;

3.1.3 uses illustrations to understand simple captions in story books;

Learning Outcome 4: WRITING : The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard 4.1: We know this when the learner copies familiar words and short sentences.

Learning Outcome 5: WRITING : The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard 5.1: We know this when the learner understands concepts and vocabulary relating to:

5.1.2 number.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 1. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11116/1.1
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