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The Constitution of the New York Etching Club, which thrived from 1877 to 1893.

Minutes of the New York Etching Club -- buy from Rice University Press. image -->

Nyec constitution

As recorded, initially, by james d. smillie in the minutes book of the new york etching club.

Photocopy of original handwritten New York Etching Club minutes entry. (Archives of the National Academy of Design.)

Constitution of the new york etching club.

As approved at a meeting of the executive committee – Sat. evening Dec 8th 1877 and finally, by the club, at the Regular Monthly Meeting, Dec. 10th 1877. See minutes – page 10, this volume.


Article i

name and object

The name of this Association shall be: “The New York Etching Club”. Its location, the city of New York. Its object to advance the art of “Free Hand Etching”

Article ii


Section 1. The members of this Association shall be divided into two classes, viz: Resident&Non Resident members.

Resident members

Section 2. Resident members shall be chosen only from among Residents of the city of New York or those residing within such distance as will not prevent regular attendance at the meetings or the performance of the ordinary duties of such membership. In them shall be vested all the powers of the Association to be delegated as herinafter mentioned.

non-resident members

Section 3. non-resident members shall be chosen from etchers not resident in the City of New York. They shall have all the privileges of Resident members except the right to vote and hold office and shall be exempt from dues.

Section 4. All nominations for membership must be made in writing by a Resident member and thereupon referred to the Executive Committee who shall make careful examination as to the qualifications and consider all communications in relation thereto: such proceedings to be secret and confidential. Each name shall be voted upon separately by ballot and two negative votes shall constitute rejection of the candidate. The names of the candidates approved by the Executive Committee shall be presented at the next regular meeting of the Association and voted upon separately by ballot. Negative votes to the number of one third of those cast shall exclude a candidate from membership and no person so excluded shall be eligible for one year thereafter.

initiation fees and dues

Insert as amended

Section 5. There shall be Amended Mch 31/82 neither initiation fees or dues but in leiu thereof such expenditures as shall have been unanimously agreed to by the Executive Committee shall be met by assessment upon the members.

Insert as Amended

Section 6.

Amended Mch 31-82

Any Resident member neglecting to attend the Regular meetings or failing to contribute two original etchings to said meetings

for one year shall thereby forfeit his membership unless upon furnishing sufficient reason he shall be excused by special vote of the Executive Committee.


Section 7. All resignations shall be made in writing to the Secretary, to be acted upon by the Executive Committee. All interests in the property of the Association of members resigning or otherwise ceasing to be members shall be vested in the Association.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The new york etching club minutes. OpenStax CNX. Feb 27, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10663/1.1
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