<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

a primeira fase, que denominam de "Ilhas de recursos educacionais abertos", em que o potencial da abertura é reconhecido como uma caraterística da disponibilização livre dos recursos, ou seja, os REA são criados, utilizados e modificados por alguns atores dentro de uma organização;

a segunda fase, que apelidam de "Estratégia de recursos educacionais abertos", em que a utilização dos REA assume um papel mais relevante a nível organizacional, surgindo iniciativas para promover a sua utilização, a par da criação de políticas e repositórios;

a terceira fase, que designam de "Práticas educacionais abertas", em que se verifica uma maior utilização dos REA em cenários educacionais, com grande produção e partilha de conteúdos criados pelos estudantes, conteúdos estes que são validados através de estratégias de reflexão e validação por pares.

As PEA representam, assim, as práticas que se desenvolvem no âmbito de uma trajetória em relação ao grau de abertura, por um lado, da utilização dos recursos, e, por outro, dos modelos pedagógicos, o que permite às organizações e aos indivíduos posicionarem-se no respetivo contexto.

Considerações finais

As Práticas Educacionais Abertas definem-se como práticas colaborativas, em que os recursos são partilhados no contexto de práticas pedagógicas centradas na interação social, criação de conhecimento, aprendizagem com os pares e práticas de aprendizagem partilhadas.

No final do seu ciclo de trabalhos, o Consórcio OPAL lança alguns desafios, que constam no documento " Mainstreaming Open Educational Practice - Recommendations for Policy

http://cdn.efquel.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Policy_Support_OEP.pdf?a6409c

". De forma a contribuir para uma colaboração verdadeiramente aberta, o Consórcio reconhece que a maioria das iniciativas existentes estão, de certa forma, limitadas a um determinado tipo de instituição, com fronteiras geográficas, ou com outros tipos de limitações. As PEA, nomeadamente no que respeita à inovação global, são propícias para práticas de colaboração e partilha envolvendo vários tipos de stakeholders , pelo que o Consórcio lança, como desafio, que as iniciativas futuras de REA/PEA centrem a sua atenção em parcerias de âmbito mais abrangente, que envolvam uma maior diversidade de instituições e potenciem a criação de outros tipos de redes inovadoras, desenvolvendo comunidades de prática em torno de Práticas Educacionais Abertas.

Referências bibliográficas

Anderson, T. (2009 ). On open, distance, e-learning and other name confusion [Weblog post]. Disponível em: http://terrya.edublogs.org/2009/01/15/on-open-distance-e-learning-and-other-name-confusion/ . Acedido em 13/04/2013.

Atkins, D. E., Brown, J.,&Hammond, A. (2007). A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges, and New Opportunities . Disponível em: http://www.hewlett.org/uploads/files/Hewlett_OER_report.pdf. Acedido em 20/09/2013 .

Conole, G.C.&Ehlers, U.D. (2010): Open Educational Practices: Unleashing the power of OER . Paper presented to UNESCO Workshop on OER in Namibia 2010. Windhoek. Disponível em: http://efquel.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/OEP_Unleashing-the-power-of-OER.pdf . Acedido em 20/09/2013.

Conole, G. (2012). Fostering social inclusion through open educational resources (OER), Distance Education , 33:2, 131-134. Disponível em: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01587919.2012.700563#.Um8G-4up1rx . Acedido em 06/09/2013.

Downes, S. (2011 ). Educational resources: A definition [Weblog post]. Disponível em: http://halfanhour.blogspot.ca/2011/07/open-educational-resources-defini­tion.html . Acedido em 13/04/2013.

Ehlers, U. D. (2011). From Open Educational Resources to Open Educational Practices. eLearning Papers , 23 (March), 1–8. Disponível em http://www.elearningeuropa.info/files/media/media25231.pdf . Acedido em 13/04/2013 .

Materu, P. (2004). Open Source Courseware: A Baseline Study . Washington: The World Bank. Disponível em: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAFRREGTOPTEIA/Resources/open_source_courseware.pdf. Acedido em 05/09/2013 .

Mulder, A. (2011). Open Educational Resources and the Role of the University, Educause Review Magazine . 46 (5). Disponível em: http://www.educause.edu/ero/educause-review-magazine-volume-46-number-5-septemberoctober-2011 . Acedido em 23/04/2013.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2007). Giving knowl­edge for free: The emergence of open educational resources . Paris: Centre for Educational Research and Innovation, OECD. Disponível em: http://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/38654317.pdf. Acedido em 30/04/2013.

UNESCO (2002). Forum on the impact of open courseware for higher education in developing countries: final report . Paris: UNESCO. Disponível em: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001285/128515e.pdf . Acedido em 25/04/2013.

Weller, M. (2012). The openness-creativity cycle in education. Journal Of Interactive Media In Education, 2012 (01). Disponível em: http://jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/view/2012-02 Acedido em 29/09/2013.

Wiley, D., Hilton J. (2009). Openness, Dynamic Specialization, and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , Vol 10, No 5. Disponível em: http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/768 Acedido em 19/03/2013 .

Yuan, L.&Powell, S. (2013). MOOCs and Open Education: Implications for Higher Education . JISC: CETIS. Disponível em http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2013/667 . Acedido em 23/09/2013.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now




Source:  OpenStax, Dicionário enciclopédico de educação online. OpenStax CNX. Apr 16, 2014 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11644/1.4
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Dicionário enciclopédico de educação online' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask