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The most important feature of Linux, however, was not technical but sociological. Until the Linux development,everyone believed that any software as complex as an operating system had to be developed in a carefully coordinated way by arelatively small, tightly-knit group of people. … Linux evolved in a completely different way. From nearly the beginning, it wasrather casually hacked on by huge numbers of volunteers coordinating only through the Internet. Quality was maintained notby rigid standards or autocracy but by the naively simple strategy of releasing every week and getting feedback from hundreds of userswithin days, creating a sort of rapid Darwinian selection on the mutations introduced by developers. To the amazement of almosteveryone, this worked quite well. … I expect the open-source movement to have essentially won its point about software withinthree to five years (that is, by 2003-05). … At that point it will become more appropriate to try to leverage open-source insights inwider domains. [Raymond p. 194]

In addition to a common framework for developing the software, what makes open-source software projectswork is a common legal vocabulary for sharing software called an open-source license. The primal example is the General Public License (GPL) developed by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. Without the open-source license enabling anyone to use and modifythe software, it would be impossible to build a community of programmers. For more, see the papers by Stallman, Raymond, Boyle,Lessig, and others.

To power the digital commons, a number of open-content licenses have been developed for informationresources, the most applicable to our needs being the Creative Commons license. An open-licensed digital commons turns the current intellectual property regime of publishing on its head. Now, anauthor can retain their copyright to their work and license it non-exclusively for use in the digital commons via a CreativeCommons license. This allows other authors to adapt, improve, orotherwise contribute to the work (for example, fixing broken hyperlinks that plague the WWW today). This can be carried to theextreme with an open-licensed wiki system. For example, in Wikipedia (wikipedia.org) anyone in the world can contribute and edit encyclopedia entries with a click in their browser.

Connexions: a digital commons for teaching and learning

The real roles of the professor in an information-rich world will be not to provide information but toadvise, guide, and encourage students wading through the deep waters of the information flood. Professors in this environmentwill thrive as mentors, tutors, backseat drivers, and coaches. [O’Donnell, p. 156]

To make things concrete, we now describe one particular experiment in this third wave of information technologytargeted at education. Connexions ( (External Link) ) is so-called because it aims to connect information and ideas withinthe commons (using hypertext) and also to connect the people using the system into communities. Connexions is inter-disciplinary,inter-institutional and involves both professionals and amateurs, as well as professors, teachers, students, and the public.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "pan" and literacy for trinidad and tobago teachers. OpenStax CNX. Mar 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10460/1.14
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