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Conclusions

There are several lessons that we have learned in our efforts to renew our school leadership program. We find that that the success of any major reform initiative such as ours requires that outcomes and expectations be clearly understood from the beginning. “Begin with the end in mind,” as Covey advises, by establishing a conceptual framework and set of professional standards that was essential to our progress. These profession standards (ISLLC) must be built into the system of learning and assessment and represent what we expect our graduates to achieve in their program. It is also important to engage students in the process during their initial introduction to the program. We do so by requiring them to take a seminar course during their first semester where they are introduced to our mission, conceptual framework and standards and begin to demonstrate their knowledge, skills, and dispositions through their portfolios.

Fullan (2007) reminds us that introducing lasting change requires the cooperation and support of a variety of people. We are learning that our renewal will succeed only if there is commitment from the entire Center for Education community. This includes administration, full and part-time time faculty, support staff, and school district partners. In order to garner their support and cooperation, there needs to be a balance in work expectations and a system for rewarding those who take leading roles in implementing the changes.

References

Banks, J. (2001). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching (4th Ed). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Banks, J.,&Banks, C. (1997). Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives (3rd Ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Beckman, M. (1990). Collaborative learning: Preparation for the workplace and democracy. College Teaching, 38, 128-133.

Bennett, C. (1999). Comprehensive multicultural education: Theory and practice (4th Ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Beyer, L.,&Apple, M. (1998). Values and politics in the curriculum. In L. Geyer&M. Apple (Eds.) The curriculum: Problems, politics, and possibilities (pp. 3-15). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Bok, D. (2002). Why diversity matters. The Boston Globe, December 11, 2002.

Bolman, L.&Deal, T. (2001). Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey of Spirit. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley&Sons.

Bruner, J. (1985). Vygotsky: An historical and conceptual perspective. Culture, communication, and cognition: Vygotskian perspectives (pp. 21-34). London, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Colby, A., Ehrlich, T., Beaumont, E.,&Stephens, J. (2003). Educating citizens: Preparing America's undergraduates for lives of moral and civic responsibility. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Connelly, F. M.,&Clandinin, D. J. (1999). Shaping a professional identity: Stories of educational practice. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Cremin, L.A. (1961). The transformation of the school. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Cuban, L. (1993). How teachers taught: Constancy and change in the American classrooms, 1800-1980. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 1; february 2009. OpenStax CNX. Jun 05, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10630/1.9
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