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Conclusion

The NCLB Act places extreme importance on the narrow yet confounded definition of proficiency, using it to establish the ultimate goal of reforms, sanctions and rewards. Unfortunately, the rigor behind the definition of proficient not only varies widely across the states, but the term has little or no common meaning since proficient can be redefined by each individual state using its own taxonomy. The national and state variations in academic rigor result in a false sense of proficiency for many students.

Since schools face harsh sanctions for not having adequate numbers of students who are proficient, many states are lowering their proficiency standards under NCLB. Teachers in many inner city schools are spending an inordinate amount of time ensuring that kids score proficient in reading and math at the expense of all other subjects (Shakrani, 2007). Yet, in order to compete in a world in which the playing field is leveling, individuals must be multilingual, innovative, and have a global awareness (Friedman, 2005). In essence, students must not only master English language arts and math, but they must be well-rounded, creative and divergent thinkers prepared to compete in a global economy.

If State Departments of Education are purporting to districts and parents that their children are proficient, then the rigor of the exams should at least match those of the NAEP. Consistency in assessment rigor is necessary to ensure that students who are proficient in any state are prepared at minimum to meet challenging achievement standards across the nation.

As congress considers the five-year reauthorization of No Child Left Behind, it must consider the unintended consequences the law has created (Hicok&Ladner, 2007). Congress along with every state departments of education must establish a clear set of national standards, assessments and cut points to be used by all 52 states and other jurisdictions. Congress together with state leaders and policy makers must collectively determine what it means to be proficient in both a national and global setting. The educational leaders need to determine the domains of study and standards necessary to reach proficiency. This proficiency should not be based on artificial cut scores or a narrow set of domains like reading and math alone, but whether or not children are proficient enough to be productive and thriving citizens in a global society. When the reports go home to parents across the nation telling them that their children are proficient, the meanng of proficient must be ubiquitous and bona fide.

No one would argue with the spirit of No Child Left Behind. All children should have a fair, equal and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency in challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments (NCLB, 2001). To do so, Congress and state policy makers must work together.

References

107th Congress (January 8, 2002). Public Law107-110 - No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, 2002. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 1; february 2009. OpenStax CNX. Jun 05, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10630/1.9
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