<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


The leadership model we propose eschews simple answers and one-size-fits-all solutions, calling upon leaders to be consciously and explicitly attentive to context, and to accept the responsibilities inherent in constructs portraying leadership as a form of service (cf. Autry, 2001). Such a model requires ongoing learning and personal development on the part of leaders—including, in no small part, rather broad reading and active, thoughtful reflection on readings and their relation to theory, practice, and lived experiences. Aspiring and practicing educational leaders operating within this model must develop a critical awareness of their practice in order to challenge inequities and promote and enact ethical treatment and care of those they serve (most particularly, those who lack the social and political capital to enact change on their own behalf). Not everyone in the field would agree that these are the responsibilities of educational leaders, of course, but we assert that leaders can and should embrace these challenges. Moreover, in the context of rural Appalachian communities, we assert that they must in order for meaningful action to occur and systemic change to take place.

The model acknowledges the importance of knowledge and information, but moves beyond traditional understandings to consider the ways that wisdom and the power to effect change can evolve from understanding knowledge in the place where one is standing and with whom one is standing. This movement beyond traditional leadership models demands humility and a sense of service to communities (cf. Middleton, 1999). Educational leaders, this model would suggest, must find the axis on which their community spins, understand it, embrace it, and serve it.

Importantly, while the model was developed with a specific focus on rural Appalachia, the central tenets upon which it was built—cultural responsiveness, attentiveness to context, servant leadership, etc.—are readily transferrable to other contexts, including urban and suburban communities. At its core, the model is built upon the recognition that schools, students, and communities cannot be homogenized; that effective leaders will know and understand the unique challenges and unique strengths that characterize the communities they serve; and that the knowledge bases and skill sets for that knowing and understanding can be cultivated. Such an approach can be applied anywhere that leaders are committed to what is best for their educational institutions and their community.


Autry, J. A. (2001). The Servant Leader . New York: Crown.

Berry, W. (2001). Jayber Crow . Berkeley: Counterpoint.

Blackmore, J.,&Sachs, J. (2007). Performing and reforming leaders: Gender, educational restructuring, and organizational change . Albany: SUNY Press.

Brown, D.,&Swanson, L. (2003). Challenges for rural America in the twenty-first century . University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Cuseo, J. Fecas, V.,&Thompson, A. (2007). Thriving in college and beyond: Research-based strategies for academic success and personal development . Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.

Drury, T. (2006). The end of vandalism . New York: Grove.

English, F. (2005). The Sage handbook of educational leadership: Advances in theory, research, and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gorski, P. (2008). Peddling poverty for profit: Elements of oppression in Ruby Payne’s Framework. Equity and Excellence in Education, 41 (1), 130-148.

Howley, A.,&Howley, C. (2007). Thinking about schools: New theories and innovative practice . Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Habermas, J. (1987). Lifeworld and system: A critique of functionalist reason (vol. 2). The Theory of communicative action (T. McCarthy, Trans.). Boston: Beacon Press.

Jackson, W. (1996). Becoming native to this place . Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint.

Johnson, J.&Strange, M. (2007). Why rural matters: The realities of rural education growth . Arlington, VA: The Rural School and Community Trust.

Johnson, J., Thompson, A.,&Naugle, K. (In Press). Place-conscious capacity-building: A systemic model for the revitalization and renewal of rural schools and communities through university-based regional stewardship. Rural Society, 19 (3).

Lewis, O. (1959). Five families: Mexican case studies in the culture of poverty. New York: Basic Books.

Longo, N. (2007). Why Community Matters: Connecting Education With Civic Life . Albany: SUNY Press.

Middleton, J. (1999). Why administrators need diversity training. The School Administrator, 89 (9), 77.

Morse, S. (2004). Smart Communities: How Citizens and Local Leaders Can Use Strategic Thinking to Build a Brighter Future. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Proulx, A. (1999). The shipping news . New York: Scribner.

Ryan, J. (2005). Inclusive leadership. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Payne, R. (1995). Poverty: A framework for understanding and working with students and adults from poverty . Baytown, TX: RFT Publishing.

Schmidt, R. (Director),&McElroy, A. (Writer/Producer). (2003) Wrong turn [Motion Picture]. United States: Summit Entertainment.

Sergiovanni, T. (2000). The lifeworld of leadership: Creating culture, community, and personal meaning in our schools . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Smith, G. (2002). Place-based education: Learning to be where we are. Phi Delta Kappan, 83 (8), 584-594.

Sobel, D. (2004). Place-based education: Connecting classrooms and communities . Great Barrington, MA: The Orion Society.

Valentine, C. (1970). Culture and poverty critique and counter proposals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Weber, M. (1924/1968). Economy and society: An outline of interpretive sociology . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Whisnant, D. (1994). Modernizing the mountaineer: People, power, and planning in Appalachia . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Williams, R. (1961). The long revolution. New York: Columbia University Press.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now

Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 2; august 2009. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10710/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 2; august 2009' conversation and receive update notifications?