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Program development is the final phase in the high quality assessment process. Among other things, this involves a close examination of achievement results to see if there might be evidence of unintended bias related to how the assessment was designed and written. Analysis of student outcomes and interpretation of the patterns of performance that emerge engage faculty in dialogue about the interrelationships among curriculum, instruction and assessment. These conversations inform the re-design phase as the next cycle of high quality assessment begins.

Conclusion

This chapter described high quality assessment practices associated with the design of performance assessments based on standards for Educational Leadership. Based on our experience at EMU, the process is involved and time-consuming but we have found that the payoff regarding program development is worth it in the end.

Some professors of educational leadership will engage in this work because they value performance assessment and believe it is the right thing to do. Others will do it because it is mandated by accreditation agencies or institutional policy. Regardless of the motivation for one’s engagement, we firmly believe the work should be of high quality. This overview of one strategy for designing performance assessment is an attempt to point us in that direction.

References

Council of Chief State School Officers. (2008). Educational leadership policy standards: ISLLC 2008 . Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved May 23, 2008, from (External Link)

Sanders, N. M.,&Kearney, K. M. (Eds.). (2008). Performance expectations and indicators for education leaders: An ISLLC-based guide to implementing leader standards and a companion guide to the educational leadership policy standards: ISLLC 2008 . Washington, DC: State Consortium on Education Leadership, Council of Chief State School Officers. Retrieved June 9, 2008, from (External Link)

Squires, D. A. (2005). Aligning and balancing the standards based curriculum . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Appendix

Excerpt from: Performance expectations and indicators for education leaders: An ISLLC-based guide to implementing leader standards and a common guide to the educational leadership policy standards.

Performance Expectation 2: Teaching and Learning

Education leaders ensure achievement and success of all students by monitoring and continuously improving teaching and learning.

Dispositions exemplified in Expectation 2:

Education leaders believe in, value, and are committed to

  • Learning as the fundamental purpose of school
  • Diversity as an asset
  • Continuous professional growth and development
  • Livelong learning
  • Collaboration with all stakeholders
  • High expectations for all
  • Student learning

Narrative

A strong, positive, professional culture fosters learning by all educators and students. In a strong professional culture, leaders share and distribute responsibilities to provide quality, effectiveness, and coherence across all components of the instructional system (such as curriculum, instructional materials, pedagogy, and student assessment). Leaders are responsible for a professional culture in which learning opportunities are targeted to the vision and goals and differentiated appropriately to meet the needs of every student. Leaders need knowledge, skills, and beliefs that provide equitable differentiation of instruction and curriculum materials to be effective with a range of student characteristics, needs, and achievement.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Performance assessment in educational leadership programs; james berry and ronald williamson, editors. OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11122/1.1
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