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Coating carbon nanotubes: creating inorganic nanostructures

Fullerenes, nanotubes and nanofibers represent suitable substrates for the seeding other materials such as oxides and other minerals, as well as semiconductors. In this regard, the carbon nanomaterial acts as a seed point for the growth as well as a method of defining unusual aspect ratios. For example, silica fibers can be prepared by a number of methods, but it is only through coating SWNTs that silica nano-fibers with of micron lengths with tens of nanometers in diameter may be prepared.

While C 60 itself does not readily seed the growth of inorganic materials, liquid phase deposition of oxides, such as silica, in the presence of fullerenol, C 60 (OH) n , results in the formation of uniform oxide spheres. It appears the fullerenol acts as both a reagent and a physical point for subsequent oxide growth, and it is C 60 , or an aggregate of C 60 , that is present within the spherical particle. The addition of fullerenol alters the morphology and crystal phase of CaCO 3 precipitates from aqueous solution, resulting in the formation of spherical features, 5-pointed flower shaped clusters, and triangular crystals as opposed to the usual rhombic crystals. In addition, the meta-stable vaterite phase is observed with the addition of C 60 (OH) n .

As noted above individual SWNTs may be obtained in solution when encased in a cylindrical micelle of a suitable surfactant. These individualized nanotubes can be coated with a range of inorganic materials. Liquid phase deposition (LPD) appears to have significant advantages over other methods such as incorporating surfacted SWNTs into a preceramic matrix, in situ growth of the SWNT in an oxide matrix, and sol-gel methods. The primary advantage of LPD growth is that individual SWNTs may be coated rather than bundles or ropes. For example, SWNTs have been coated with silica by liquid phase deposition (LPD) using a silica/H 2 SiF 6 solution and a surfactant-stabilized solution of SWNTs. The thickness of the coating is dependent on the reaction mixture concentration and the reaction time. The SWNT core can be removed by thermolysis under oxidizing conditions to leave a silica nano fiber. It is interesting to note that the use of a surfactant is counter productive when using MWNTs and VGFs, in this case surface activation of the nanotube offers the suitable growth initiation. Pre-oxidation of the MWNT or VGF allows for uniform coatings to be deposited. The coated SWNTs, MWNTs, and VGFs can be subsequently reacted with suitable surface reagents to impart miscibility in aqueous solutions, guar gels, and organic matrixes. In addition to simple oxides, coated nanotubes have been prepared with minerals such as carbonates and semiconductors.

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Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Nanomaterials and nanotechnology. OpenStax CNX. May 07, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10700/1.13
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