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Some useful facts and background information for Singapore. Compiled by NUS for the delegates of the INNOVATE 2005 conference in Singapore and Tokyo.

Singapore facts

Full country name

Republic of Singapore

History

The name Singapore is derived from the word “Singapura” or “Lion City” as legend has itthat a Sumatran prince sighted a beast that looked like a lion when he first set foot on the island in the 14th century. In the year1819, Sir Stamford Raffles established a British trading station on this island. Singapore gained its independence as a sovereign anddemocratic nation on 9 August 1965. It was admitted to both the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations in the sameyear.

Area

Singapore has a total land area of 692.7 sq km (267.45 sq mi), comprising one main island and a number of isletsscattered off its northeast and southern coasts.

Climate

Singapore is an equatorial country with relatively uniform temperature, high humidity all year round andabundant rainfall particularly during the Northeast Monsoon from November to January. It has relatively high temperatures with adaily average of 26.7°C and a high daily relative humidity of approximately 84.4%.

Population

4,35 million (July 2004 est.)

People

Singapore's people are largely descendants of immigrants from the Malay Peninsula, China and the Indiansub-continent. The population is comprised of 76.7% Chinese, 13.9% Malay, 7.9% Indian and 1.5% others.

Language

There are 4 official languages - Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Tamil and English. Malay is the nationallanguage and English is the language of administration as well as the medium of instruction in schools and other educationalinstitutions. The National Anthem is sung in the Malay language.

Religion

31% Taoist, 28% Buddhist, 18% Muslim, 10% Christian, 4% Hindu

National symbols

The lion head is the national symbol of courage, strength and excellence.
Vanda Miss Joaquim is the national flower which epitomises Singapore's quest for progress and excellence in all aspects of life.
The colours of the Singapore flag represent red for brotherhood and equality; white for purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the rise. The five stars stand for Singapore's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.

For more information on Singapore’s national symbols, please visit Singapore Infomap .

Government

Singapore is a republic with a parliamentary system of government based on the Westminster model. The organs ofstate comprise:

The Executive : Head of State and Cabinet

  • Head of State: President S R Nathan, elected on 1 Sep 1999 (The President is elected for a fixed term of 6 years.)
  • Cabinet: Led by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Hsien Loong (since 12 Aug 2004)

Parliament

Parliament is elected by general election every five years. The first sitting of Parliament was held on 8 Dec1965. The first general election for Parliament was held on 13 Apr 1968. There are 23 registered political parties. The currentParliament, elected on 3 Nov 2001 has 82 People's Action Party (PAP) Members of Parliament (MPs), 2 Opposition MPs and 1Non-Constituency MP. In addition there are 7 nominated MPs.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Innovate2005. OpenStax CNX. Feb 23, 2005 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10244/1.9
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