<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
Some useful facts and background information for Singapore. Compiled by NUS for the delegates of the INNOVATE 2005 conference in Singapore and Tokyo.

Singapore facts

Full country name

Republic of Singapore


The name Singapore is derived from the word “Singapura” or “Lion City” as legend has itthat a Sumatran prince sighted a beast that looked like a lion when he first set foot on the island in the 14th century. In the year1819, Sir Stamford Raffles established a British trading station on this island. Singapore gained its independence as a sovereign anddemocratic nation on 9 August 1965. It was admitted to both the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations in the sameyear.


Singapore has a total land area of 692.7 sq km (267.45 sq mi), comprising one main island and a number of isletsscattered off its northeast and southern coasts.


Singapore is an equatorial country with relatively uniform temperature, high humidity all year round andabundant rainfall particularly during the Northeast Monsoon from November to January. It has relatively high temperatures with adaily average of 26.7°C and a high daily relative humidity of approximately 84.4%.


4,35 million (July 2004 est.)


Singapore's people are largely descendants of immigrants from the Malay Peninsula, China and the Indiansub-continent. The population is comprised of 76.7% Chinese, 13.9% Malay, 7.9% Indian and 1.5% others.


There are 4 official languages - Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Tamil and English. Malay is the nationallanguage and English is the language of administration as well as the medium of instruction in schools and other educationalinstitutions. The National Anthem is sung in the Malay language.


31% Taoist, 28% Buddhist, 18% Muslim, 10% Christian, 4% Hindu

National symbols

The lion head is the national symbol of courage, strength and excellence.
Vanda Miss Joaquim is the national flower which epitomises Singapore's quest for progress and excellence in all aspects of life.
The colours of the Singapore flag represent red for brotherhood and equality; white for purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the rise. The five stars stand for Singapore's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.

For more information on Singapore’s national symbols, please visit Singapore Infomap .


Singapore is a republic with a parliamentary system of government based on the Westminster model. The organs ofstate comprise:

The Executive : Head of State and Cabinet

  • Head of State: President S R Nathan, elected on 1 Sep 1999 (The President is elected for a fixed term of 6 years.)
  • Cabinet: Led by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Hsien Loong (since 12 Aug 2004)


Parliament is elected by general election every five years. The first sitting of Parliament was held on 8 Dec1965. The first general election for Parliament was held on 13 Apr 1968. There are 23 registered political parties. The currentParliament, elected on 3 Nov 2001 has 82 People's Action Party (PAP) Members of Parliament (MPs), 2 Opposition MPs and 1Non-Constituency MP. In addition there are 7 nominated MPs.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Innovate2005. OpenStax CNX. Feb 23, 2005 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10244/1.9
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Innovate2005' conversation and receive update notifications?