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Life orientation

Grade 5

Health and diseases

Module 7

Children who are ill-treated or abused

Co-operate with your teacher to identify three examples of ill-treatment or abuse. What does our Constitution say about such cases? Then offer suggestions on how to handle it.

Activity 1:

To identify the rights of children who are abused

[lo 1.4]

Identify the rights that are being threatened when a child is abused or has a difficult time as a result of substance abuse by their parents.

Write them down here:

(a) Rights of teachers:

  1. To teach
  2. To be treated with respect and dignity
  3. To receive remuneration which is sufficient to live on
  4. To express an opinion

5. To build up and improve the level of education

6. To be safe

7. To handle challenges

8. To have time for their families

(b) Responsibilities of teachers :

1. To teach professionally

2. To treat others with respect and dignity and to be sympathetic towards the rights of others

3. To be diligent and punctual, and to make a positive contribution to education

4. To make educational resources available to learners

5. To make well-planned and meaningful contributions

6. To create a school environment that is conducive to effective teaching and learning

7. To keep the school environment safe

8. To recognise and enhance others’ potential

9. To allow time for the duties and interests of others.

Which responsibilities of a teacher are relevant to the safety of a learner?

Write them down:

You must answer the following questionnaire on your own. Please remember that it is not a test in which answers will be marked right or wrong. These are questions that you must consider very carefully. Give an honest yes or no answer to each. You needn’t discuss this questionnaire with your classmates. If you feel very strongly that you do not want to hand it back to your class teacher, you needn’t do it. Maybe you would rather give it to your school principal or some other adult whom you trust.

Activity 2:

To complete a confidential questionnaire

[lo 1.4]

Simply answer Yes or No to the following statements:

(a) My father beats me so badly that there are open wounds on my body.

(b) An adult who has to look after me often touches me in a way that makes me feel unsafe.

(c) There is often not enough money in the house to buy food, because my mother or father uses it to buy drink.

(d) A teacher at my school touches me in private places on my body in exchange for good marks in a test or on my report.

(e) My brother or sister often act very strangely and inject themselves with drugs.

(f) A school friend of mine has already offered me drugs in the form of tablets or dagga cigarettes.

(g) I drink some of the alcoholic drink in my father’s drinks cabinet when I feel very unhappy.

(h) My father hits my mother sometimes when she won’t do what he tells her.

(i) A group of young people in my neighbourhood say they are going to hurt me if I refuse to do something illegal.

  1. There is someone who hurts me regularly, but makes me promise that I will tell no one.

If your answer to one or more of these questions is an honest Yes, you should probably talk about it to someone you trust.


LO 1


The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 explores and reports on ways to protect the quality of food and water in various contexts;

1.2 investigates a local environmental health problem using different data sources, and plans a strategy to address the problem;

1.3 recognises the symptoms and causes of locally occurring diseases and discusses prevention strategies;

1.4 explains the individual health and social effects of substance abuse.


Life Orientation for Grade 5 consists of a number of modules focussing on:

  1. Health and diseases
  2. Social development: rights and responsibilities
  3. Personal development

4. Physical development and movement

The first modules, 1-7, prepare the learners to be responsible consumers and to make sound, informed choices regarding their own diets. They are also made increasingly aware of health risks in their own environment and of their responsibilities regarding the maintenance of balanced ecosystems. While there was merely a brief reference to certain children’s rights in Grade 4, the Grade 5 learners are now given the opportunity to focus on their rights and duties as citizens of the country. The sensitive issue of child abuse is also broached. Educators must realise that they have a great responsibility as consultants, confidants and counsellors in this regard. It is here that serious problems can be identified and prevented. It is essential that educators should know the correct procedure should they have to deal with a case of child abuse. During discussions on contagious diseases educators are also in a position to play an important role in preventing life-threatening diseases such as TB, cholera and aids by approaching these topics with the necessary seriousness.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10983/1.2
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