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References

Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index. http://www.well-beingindex.com/default.asp (accessed May 1, 2013).

Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index. http://www.well-beingindex.com/methodology.asp (accessed May 1, 2013).

Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index. http://www.gallup.com/poll/146822/gallup-healthways-index-questions.aspx (accessed May 1, 2013).

Data from http://www.bookofodds.com/Relationships-Society/Articles/A0374-How-George-Gallup-Picked-the-President

Dominic Lusinchi, “’President’ Landon and the 1936 Literary Digest Poll: Were Automobile and Telephone Owners to Blame?” Social Science History 36, no. 1: 23-54 (2012), http://ssh.dukejournals.org/content/36/1/23.abstract (accessed May 1, 2013).

“The Literary Digest Poll,” Virtual Laboratories in Probability and Statistics http://www.math.uah.edu/stat/data/LiteraryDigest.html (accessed May 1, 2013).

“Gallup Presidential Election Trial-Heat Trends, 1936–2008,” Gallup Politics http://www.gallup.com/poll/110548/gallup-presidential-election-trialheat-trends-19362004.aspx#4 (accessed May 1, 2013).

The Data and Story Library, http://lib.stat.cmu.edu/DASL/Datafiles/USCrime.html (accessed May 1, 2013).

LBCC Distance Learning (DL) program data in 2010-2011, http://de.lbcc.edu/reports/2010-11/future/highlights.html#focus (accessed May 1, 2013).

Data from San Jose Mercury News

Chapter review

Data are individual items of information that come from a population or sample. Data may be classified as qualitative, quantitative continuous, or quantitative discrete.

Because it is not practical to measure the entire population in a study, researchers use samples to represent the population. A random sample is a representative group from the population chosen by using a method that gives each individual in the population an equal chance of being included in the sample. Random sampling methods include simple random sampling, stratified sampling, cluster sampling, and systematic sampling. Convenience sampling is a nonrandom method of choosing a sample that often produces biased data.

Samples that contain different individuals result in different data. This is true even when the samples are well-chosen and representative of the population. When properly selected, larger samples model the population more closely than smaller samples. There are many different potential problems that can affect the reliability of a sample. Statistical data needs to be critically analyzed, not simply accepted.

Practice

“Number of times per week” is what type of data?

  • a. qualitative
  • b. quantitative discrete
  • c. quantitative continuous

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Use the following information to answer the next four exercises: A study was done to determine the age, number of times per week, and the duration (amount of time) of residents using a local park in San Antonio, Texas. The first house in the neighborhood around the park was selected randomly, and then the resident of every eighth house in the neighborhood around the park was interviewed.

The sampling method was

  • a. simple random
  • b. systematic
  • c. stratified
  • d. cluster

b

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

What is the variances of 568
Helen Reply
what u asking...
friend
what variance would have a single value..?
friend
variance happened only in a group of values..
friend
if we have a group of values...1st we find its average..ie..'mean'..then we calculate each value's difeerence from the mean..then we will square each 'difference value'.then we devide total of sqared value by n or n-1..that is what variance...
friend
What is the variances of 258
Helen Reply
66,564
Mampy
what is the sample size if the degree of freedom is 25?
Arthur Reply
26..
friend
25
Tariku
27
Tariku
degrees of freedom may differ with respect to distribution...so tell which distribution you have selected...?
friend
my distribution is 27
Tariku
how to understand statistics
Edwin Reply
you are working for a bank.The bank manager wants to know the mean waiting time for all customers who visit this bank. she has asked you to estimate this mean by taking a sample . Briefly explain how you will conduct this study. assume the data set on waiting times for 10 customers who visit a bank. Then estimate the population mean. choose your own confidence level.
Halpha Reply
what marriage for 10 years
Ambaye Reply
fit a least square model of y on x ? what is the regression coefficient ? x : 2 3 6 8 9 10 y : 5 6 7 10 8 11
Nayab Reply
how can we find the expectation of any function of X?
Jennifer
I've been using this app for some time now. I'm taking a stats class in college in spring and I still have no idea what's going on. I'm also 55 yrs old. Is there another app for people like me?
Tamala
Serious
Hamza
yes I am. it's been decades since I've been in school.
Tamala
who are u
zaheer
is there a private chat we can do
Tamala
hello how can I get PDF of solutions introduction mathematical statistics ( fourth education) who can help me
ahssal
can anyone help me
Halim
what is probability
zaheer Reply
simply probability means possibility.. definition:Probability is a measure of the likelihood of an event to occur.
laraib
fit a least square model of y on x ? what is the regression coefficient ? x : 2 3 6 8 9 10 y : 5 6 7 10 8 11
Nayab
classification of data by attributes is called
Yamin Reply
qualitative classification
talal
tell me details about measure of Dispersion
Halim
Following data provided Class Frequency less than 10 10-20 5 15 10-30 25 12 40 and above Which measure of central tendency would you compute and why?
Nija Reply
a box contains a few red and a few blue balls.one ball is drawn randomly find the probability of getting a red ball if we know that there are 30 red and 40 blue balls in the box
harish Reply
3/7
RICH
Total=30+40=70 P(red balls) =30/70 Therefore the answer is 3/7
Anuforo
define transport statistical unit
Dennis Reply
describe each transport statistical unit
Dennis
explain uses of each transport statistical unit
Dennis
identify various transport statistical units with their example
Dennis
I didn't understand about Chi- square.
Esayas Reply
explain the concept of data analysis and data processing
Kim Reply
the following data represent the number of pop up advertisement received by 10 families during the past month.calculate the mean number of advertisement received by each family during month.43,37,35,30,41,23,33,31,16,21
ejaz Reply
mean=43+37+35+30+41+23+33+31+16/10 =310/10 =31
Anuforo
43+37+35+30+41+23+33+31+16 divided by 10 =310/10 =31
Anuforo
=310/10 =31
Anuforo

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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