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There are prescribed steps used to design performance activities. The process begins with a decision about what standards should be assessed, determining a performance activity, establishing a scoring rubric and establishing a way to assess student work. Strategies for aligning course design and course delivery with both national and state standards, and incorporation of common performance assessments into courses must be developed (see Anderson, Chapter 2).

Student success hinges on the alignment of instruction with assessment. Often this requires modification in instructional design and delivery. According to Marzano et al. (1992) there are dimensions of learning that involve the interaction of five types, or dimensions of thinking, which are loose metaphors for the way the mind works during learning. The five dimensions of learning include acquisition and integration of knowledge as well as the ability to use knowledge meaningfully. At the heart of the emphasis is performance assessment that measures student acquired knowledge and skill. (see Berry, Chapter 1).

Changing instruction, challenging the professoriate

The changing role of the professoriate starts with a review of the general approach to teaching and learning. The challenge is to develop changes in response to conditions that include greater clarity about the knowledge, skills and dispositions desired of graduates. There is the expectation that teaching become research-based and faculty develop and use common assessments embedded within key courses in degree programs. The latest thinking on how people learn—differing learning styles, multiple intelligences—is changing the nature of teaching in higher education. Students have more options for when, where and how they complete coursework than ever before (Cross, 2005).

Today, students attempt to connect concepts to their own life/work as they look for connections and relationships between text, lecture, and assessments. Students have an increased interest in the quality of their learning and are willing to critique their work on quality standards, as well as new knowledge, skills and dispositions developed as a result of their experience.

In order to address the programmatic needs and the needs of students, faculty must review delivery systems, teaching methods, course materials, curricula, student assessment and other factors. The professoriate must increasingly consider a blended learning platform to accelerate learning with seamless access and delivery of formal, informal and self-paced learning resources across the continuum of learning styles. Degree programs that utilize blended course offerings—those that combine face-to-face instruction with online learning and reduced classroom contact hours have the potential to increase student learning.

The instruction that faculties provide, the intellectual climate that they create, and the policy decisions that they make, should all start with the question, “But will it improve students’ learning?” (Cross, 2005). What is clear is that students who are actively engaged in learning for deeper understanding through performance activities are likely to learn more—because of this engagement—than students who are not. The evidence is clear that students have to find their own answers by working through their own pathways of knowledge.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Performance assessment in educational leadership programs; james berry and ronald williamson, editors. OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11122/1.1
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