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There are prescribed steps used to design performance activities. The process begins with a decision about what standards should be assessed, determining a performance activity, establishing a scoring rubric and establishing a way to assess student work. Strategies for aligning course design and course delivery with both national and state standards, and incorporation of common performance assessments into courses must be developed (see Anderson, Chapter 2).

Student success hinges on the alignment of instruction with assessment. Often this requires modification in instructional design and delivery. According to Marzano et al. (1992) there are dimensions of learning that involve the interaction of five types, or dimensions of thinking, which are loose metaphors for the way the mind works during learning. The five dimensions of learning include acquisition and integration of knowledge as well as the ability to use knowledge meaningfully. At the heart of the emphasis is performance assessment that measures student acquired knowledge and skill. (see Berry, Chapter 1).

Changing instruction, challenging the professoriate

The changing role of the professoriate starts with a review of the general approach to teaching and learning. The challenge is to develop changes in response to conditions that include greater clarity about the knowledge, skills and dispositions desired of graduates. There is the expectation that teaching become research-based and faculty develop and use common assessments embedded within key courses in degree programs. The latest thinking on how people learn—differing learning styles, multiple intelligences—is changing the nature of teaching in higher education. Students have more options for when, where and how they complete coursework than ever before (Cross, 2005).

Today, students attempt to connect concepts to their own life/work as they look for connections and relationships between text, lecture, and assessments. Students have an increased interest in the quality of their learning and are willing to critique their work on quality standards, as well as new knowledge, skills and dispositions developed as a result of their experience.

In order to address the programmatic needs and the needs of students, faculty must review delivery systems, teaching methods, course materials, curricula, student assessment and other factors. The professoriate must increasingly consider a blended learning platform to accelerate learning with seamless access and delivery of formal, informal and self-paced learning resources across the continuum of learning styles. Degree programs that utilize blended course offerings—those that combine face-to-face instruction with online learning and reduced classroom contact hours have the potential to increase student learning.

The instruction that faculties provide, the intellectual climate that they create, and the policy decisions that they make, should all start with the question, “But will it improve students’ learning?” (Cross, 2005). What is clear is that students who are actively engaged in learning for deeper understanding through performance activities are likely to learn more—because of this engagement—than students who are not. The evidence is clear that students have to find their own answers by working through their own pathways of knowledge.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Performance assessment in educational leadership programs; james berry and ronald williamson, editors. OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11122/1.1
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