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Innovation cycle in product, company, sector, and cluster.

Triple Helix

The triple helix of industry, academia and government is relatively mature concept in regional knowledge based economic development. The role of universities has been championed by many as playing a vital role in developing the knowledge economy (Goh 2005 , Dreyer and Kouzmin 2009, Nasto 2009). This is important both in regions with strong universities and knowledge clusters (e.g., MIT/Cambridge), and regions in a more developmental stage (e.g., Southwest Wales)

Universities: knowledge cluster anchor tenants

The linkages between academia and industry have received much interest over recent years by governments (WAG 2004, Lambert 2003), academics (Nelson 1986, Varga 2000) and other organisations including the private sector, though many commentators observe that it is the private sector that will deliver the fruits of innovation in the knowledge economy (Porter and Stern 1999).

The above studies recognise the importance of universities and academic knowledge in driving innovation and the knowledge economy. Nelson (1986) was one of the earliest to clearly demonstrate the positive effect of university on industry and technological advance, based on research undertaken in the US. This came at a time when American academia was undergoing the start of a seismic shift in technology transfer following the Bayh-Dole Act. This important pieced of legislation is regarded as a paradigm shift in US academia-industry relations for it clarified ownership of IP developed during research, and incentivised and charged universities to exploit its value.

Higher education institutions (HEIs) and public research facilities play a variety of roles in supporting the Knowledge-Based economy including ‘ knowledge production ’ developing new knowledge, ‘ knowledge transmission ’ – in developing human capital, and ‘ knowledge transfer ’ – by disseminating knowledge and supporting industry (OECD 1996, WAG 2004). HEIs are also recognised as important knowledge businesses that are often ‘anchor tenants’ in regional knowledge economies (WAG 2004). The importance of HEIs in supporting knowledge-based industrial clusters in their regions is acknowledged by the UK and Welsh Governments (DTI 2001 and WAG 2003b).

Challenges to collaboration

The opportunities and challenges for each region and individual collaboration are unique to its ambition, environment and the efforts invested. This context includes for example: the existing vibrancy of knowledge-based enterprise within the region; the presence of research activity allied to growth sectors; and the mobilisation of collective efforts within the region to develop the initiative.

It is possible to identify key factors that can affect the likelihood and potential extent of success for collaboration. These include individual and organisational factors as well as broader issues such as funding availability. For example, a first weakness lies in the way that the United Kingdoms Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) operates. The Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) is intended to recognise world-class research undertaken with business partners, as well as other forms of academic excellence. In practice, however, the assessment panels tend to concentrate on purely academic benchmarks, such as output in important journals. This may be partly because this kind of output is what most interests the people who sit on the peer review panels. It is also because such work is easier to measure than business collaboration. An article in an academic journal has by definition been through a rigorous process of assessment even before it appears, and can be judged against similar work from other sources. It is much harder to define what constitutes world-class research undertaken with business partners (Lambert 2003).

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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