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4.Analyse the results by comparing the total score with the following descriptors:

30 marks- you take very good care of your heart. Well done!

25 marks- you take good care of your heart. Keep it up!

20 marks- you take reasonably good care of your heart but need to work

on a few aspects where you scored 0.

15 marks- you need to take better care of your heart.

0-10 marks- you do not look after your heart at all. It’s time to make a

change to a healthier lifestyle.

Assessment Rubric

  • Results
0- not done1- poorly presented. 2- average presentation of results, but missing some detail.3- average presentation of results, including all salient featuresand information.4- good presentation of results, but missing some detail.5- good presentation of results, including all salient features and information.

Rich media:

Khan Academy

http :// www . khanacademy . org / video / circulatory - system - and - the - heart ? playlist = Biology

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance imaging of Beating heart: Large magnets are used to create images of the heart inside the body, without the need for surgery.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Four_chamber_cardiovascular_m agnetic_resonance_imaging.gif

View from the top


View from the side


Blood vessels

Structure and functioning of arteries, veins, capillaries and valves


  • Arteries carry blood from away from the heart. The pressure created by the pumping heart forces blood down the arteries.
  • Arteries have three layers.
  1. Outside layer – connective tissue
  2. Middle layer – smooth muscle, allows contraction of the arteries to regulate blood flow and pressure
  3. Inside layer – single layer of tightly connected simple squamous endothelial cells
  • The large arteries close to the heart branch into smaller arterioles (smaller arteries) and eventually branch into capillaries.


  • Capillaries are little more than a single layer or endothelial cells.
  • Capillaries form intricate networks throughout the tissues.
  • They allow water, nutrients and gasses to diffuse out of the blood and waste materials to diffuse into the blood.
  • This exchange occurs between the blood and the interstitial fluid.
  • The interstitial fluid is the fluid surrounding the cells.
  • The blood never comes into contact with the cells.
  • The blood and interstitial fluid exchange material, and the interstitial fluid then exchanges material with the cells.


  • The intricate networks formed by the capillaries eventually converge to form venules, (small veins)
  • The venules then converge to form veins which return the blood to the heart.
  • Veins only consist of two layers.
  1. The outer layer is made up of connective tissue
  2. The inner layer is made up of endothelial cells.


  • Once the blood has passed through the capillaries very little blood pressure remains to return blood to the heart.
  • Instead of pressure from the heart veins use a series of valves to force blood to return to the heart.
  • Contraction of the muscles squeezes the veins, pushing the blood through them.
  • The valves cause the blood to flow in only one direction, back to the heart.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
why and for what was five kingdom of classification of organisms introduced
give the ans as fast as possible
Comment on the ozone depletion over the period of 1982 to 1996
Mpho Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula: life sciences grade 10. OpenStax CNX. Apr 11, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11410/1.3
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