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This program of funds is unique in at least two ways. The program resulted from the United States being in the worst depression since the 1930s; and the package was generous to several key science and technology-related agencies, the funding designed to foster both energy independence and green technologies. Although it is impossible to say what previous administrations would have done had they encountered the serious economic problems that Obama faced even before he became president, no administration since that of the first President Bush has focused so much attention on science and technology; and no administration in history has earmarked funds for such energy innovation.

In summary, these early actions taken by Obama and his senior advisors demonstrate not only the seriousness with which high-priority national issues are taken, but the conviction that investments in science and technology can help resolve them.

Budgets

While overall R&D spending in Obama’s fiscal year 2010 budget was up only 0.3 percent from 2009, there were some substantial targeted increases. The NSF budget was increased 9.5 percent, to $5.3 billion, the NIST was up 15.8 percent, to $637 million, and the DOE was up 3.3 percent, to $4.5 billion. Despite these and other proposed increases, however, the federal R&D budget as measured in constant 2009 dollars has remained essentially flat since 2004.

Congress had barely begun work on the fiscal year 2010 budget before John Holdren and OMB Director Peter Orszag sent a memorandum to the heads of all federal science and technology agencies instructing them to redirect resources “to science and technology activities that address four practical challenges” in areas such as economic recovery and growth, reducing energy imports and mitigating climate change, improving health while reducing health costs, and national security. OMB and OSTP were interested in increasing research productivity, improving STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education, vital infrastructure, and “enhancing our capabilities in space.” American Institute of Physics Bulletin of Science Policy News , op. cit . (August 1, 2009).

Writing in Science , John P. Holdren, “Science in the White House,” Science (May 1, 2009), 567. Holdren editorialized that he “saw the top S&T priorities in terms of four practical challenges”:

  • bringing science and technology more fully to bear on driving economic recovery;
  • driving the energy-technology innovation needed to reduce energy imports and climate-change risks;
  • applying advances in biomedical science and information technology together to help Americans live longer, healthier lives with reduced health care costs; and
  • ensuring that we have the defense, homeland security, and national intelligence technologies required to protect our troops, citizens, and national interests.

A strategy for innovation

In September 2009, the National Economic Council and the Office of Science and Technology Policy issued A Strategy for American Innovation: Driving Towards Sustainable Growth and Quality Jobs. The paper outlined the Obama administration’s approach to rebuilding “a new foundation for durable, sustainable economic growth”:

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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