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The unemployment rate for women had historically tended to be higher than the unemployment rate for men, perhaps reflecting the historical pattern that women were seen as “secondary” earners. By about 1980, however, the unemployment rate for women was essentially the same as that for men, as shown in [link] (a). During the recession of 2008-2009, the unemployment rate for men exceeded the unemployment rate for women. Through 2014, this pattern has remained, although the gap is narrowing.

Read this report for detailed information on the recession of 2008–2009. It also provides some very useful information on the statistics of unemployment.

Younger workers tend to have higher unemployment, while middle-aged workers tend to have lower unemployment, probably because the middle-aged workers feel the responsibility of needing to have a job more heavily. Younger workers move in and out of jobs (and in and out of the labor force) more easily. Elderly workers have extremely low rates of unemployment, because those who do not have jobs often exit the labor force by retiring, and thus are not counted in the unemployment statistics. [link] (b) shows unemployment rates for women divided by age; the pattern for men is similar.

The unemployment rate for African-Americans is substantially higher than the rate for other racial or ethnic groups, a fact that surely reflects, to some extent, a pattern of discrimination that has constrained blacks’ labor market opportunities. However, the gaps between unemployment rates for whites and for blacks and Hispanics diminished in the 1990s, as shown in [link] (c). In fact, unemployment rates for blacks and Hispanics were at the lowest levels for several decades in the mid-2000s before rising during the recent Great Recession.

Finally, those with less education typically suffer higher unemployment. In February 2015, for example, the unemployment rate for those with a college degree was 2.7%; for those with some college but not a four year degree, the unemployment rate was 5.1%; for high school graduates with no additional degree, the unemployment rate was 5.4%; and for those without a high school diploma, the unemployment rate was 8.4%. This pattern may arise because additional education offers better connections to the labor market and higher demand, or it may occur because the labor market opportunities for low-skilled workers are less attractive than the opportunities for the more highly-skilled. Because of lower pay, low-skilled workers may be less motivated to find jobs.

Breaking down unemployment in other ways

The Bureau of Labor Statistics also gives information about the reasons for being unemployed as well as the length of time individuals have been unemployed. [link] , for example, shows the four reasons for being unemployed and the percentages of the currently unemployed that fall into each category. [link] shows the length of unemployment. For both of these, the data is from February of 2015. (bls.gov)

Reasons for being unemployed, february 2015
Reason Percentage
New Entrants 11.2%
Re-entrants 30.5%
Job Leavers 10.2%
Job Losers: Temporary 11.7%
Job Losers: Non Temporary 36.3%

Questions & Answers

What is the formula for calculating elasticity?
Haruna Reply
government spending increase will cause economic grew
Jia Reply
what is trade by batter
Iko Reply
trade involves the transfer of good or services from one person to another, often in exchange for money.
Now trade by batter :it may define as form of trading in which good are exchange directly for other goods without the use of money as medium of exchange
is it good to trade with something with a value but given something which has no value
trade in batter means the exchange of goods and services without using money
It may be defined as an exchange of goods to satisfy the needs of two parties
mention six factors that explain efficiency and productivity of labour
fanelchainz Reply
mention six factors that explain efficiency and productivity of labour
factors that explain efficiency of labor are 1.population, 2.technology, 3.education, 4.working environment, 5.incentives (tax holidays) and 6.religious or cultural beliefs.
What is demand
SoFIA Reply
is the abulity and willingness of a consumer to purchase goods and services at a particular peeiod of time in a given price
what is a central bank
Fadhil Reply
transactionsss with all banks of any country
what is elastic
fadoju Reply
how is equilibrium defined in financial market?
infinity Reply
what is the definition of money
Money is define as anything that is generally acceptable as a means of exchange nd settlement of dept
what is elastic
what is demand and supply
demand is ability of a consumer to purchase a particular good at a particular time
supply is the ability of a person to be able to provide his costumers with what they need
how do choices end up determining what, how and for whom goods and services are produced
Ayesha Reply
They end up by using the scale of preference
there are 10 000 seats available for the Wimbledon tennis Championships. the price per ticket is fixed by the organisers. the supply of seats is thus: A. completely elastic B. completely inelastic C. elastic D. unitary elastic E. elastic which option is the answer?
Esihle Reply
unitary elastic
what is international trade
Naomi Reply
the trade between two or more countries outside the territory of own country
it's an international trade
Multilateral trade it is
It is the exchange of goods and services among two or more countries.
Oh yes
is the buying and selling of Good's and services outside the country
what is consumer choice as the result of maximization choice ?
what is the difference between public corporation and public limited liability
how do monopolistic firm make profit in the short run and long run
Ediga Reply
oligopolistic competition is known to have a kinked demand curve .why there is such a tease my in oligopolistic form only
please can anyone help me in econs
Manuel in which context
please in utility
what is demand ?
Tonight Reply
The amount of some goods or services consumers need to purchase
The amount of goods or services that consumers are willing and can afford to purchase.
it is goods and services consumers are willing and able to buy at given price over a given period of time
as quantity of good and service that a consumer is willing and able to purchase at a given price and at the particular market price.
The amount of goods and services consumers are able and willing to buy and pay for at a given price and at given point in time.
refers to the quantity of goods and services that customers are willing and able to purchase at various prices over a period of time
Demand may define as goods and services which a consumer is willing to buy at a given price over a perticular market price
what are subsidies
Yaya Reply
how do trade unions deal with subsidies
bro can you explain decision making
Decision making is a process to use your limited resources for best productive purpose.
explain why an increase in national income may not always lead to improvement in economic wellbeing of all the citizens?
How many types of labour do we have pls
skilled and unskilled labour
Thanks 🙏
what are the factors that affects efficiency of labour ?
What are tools of economics analysis
Adu Tumwah,,, The tools of economics analysis are; Charts, graphs, equations, table, arithemetic mean, etc.
Subsidies are payments made by the government to the producers of goods and services
what is the marginal revenue if p=10-2q
Karen Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Principles of economics. OpenStax CNX. Sep 19, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11613/1.11
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