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An operator that operates on one operand is called a unary operator. An operator that operates on two operands is called a binary operator. An operator that operates on three operands is called a ternary operator.

Some operators can be either unary or binary

Some operators can behave either as a unary or as a binary operator in languages such as Java and C#. The best-known operator that can behave either way in those languages is the minus character (-).

As a binary operator, the minus character causes its right operand to be subtracted from its left operand. For example, the third statement belowsubtracts the variable y from the variable x and assigns the result of the subtraction to the variable z . After the third statement is executed, the variable z contains the value 1.

  • x = 6;
  • y = 5;
  • z = x - y;

The minus character as a unary operator

As a unary operator, the minus character causes the algebraic sign of the right operand to be changed. For example, the second statement belowcauses a value of -5 to be assigned to (stored in) the variable x .

  • y = 5;
  • x = -y;

Binary operators use infix notation

To keep you abreast of the current jargon, binary operators in Scratch always use infix notation. This means that the operator appears between its operands.

Some other programming languages have unary operators that use prefix notation and postfix notation. For prefix notation, the operator appears before (to the left of) its operand. For postfix notation, the operator appears after (to the right of) its operand.

General behavior of an operator

As a result of performing the specified action, an operator can be said to return a value (or evaluate to a value) of a given type. The type of value returned depends on the operator and the type of the operands.

To evaluate to a value means that after the action is performed, the operator and its operands are effectively replacedin the expression by the value that is returned.

Operator categories

There are many different kinds of operators. Therefore, the easiest way to study them is to divide them into categories such as the following

  • arithmetic
  • relational
  • logical
  • bitwise
  • assignment

This module will concentrate on arithmetic operators. Future modules will deal with other kinds of operators.

Preview

In this module, I will present and explain a Scratch program named Arithmetic01 . This program illustrates the use of the following arithmetic operators (see the bottom script in the rightmost panel of Image 4 ):

  • + (addition)
  • - (subtraction)

Variables with the following names are created and displayed on the stage (see Image 5 ):

  • LeftOperand - has a slider
  • RightOperand - has a slider
  • Sum
  • Diff

In addition, a button is displayed on the stage.

The user adjusts the values of the LeftOperand and RightOperand variables with a pair of sliders. When the user clicks the button, the variablenamed Sum displays the sum of the values of the left and right operands. The variable named Diff displays the result of subtracting the right operand from the left operand.

Discussion and sample code

I'm going to walk you through the steps required to develop this program, being brief on those things that you already know about and being more verboseon the new material.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Teaching beginners to code. OpenStax CNX. May 27, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11498/1.20
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