<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

The US and the UK are now faced with a new competitive landscape in the context of the knowledge-based economy. What this means for a relatively small and relatively peripheral region like Wales is truly significant. Getting the strategy right is critical and every possible opportunity for seeking advantage must be taken.


  • Almeida P. and Kogut B., 1997, “The Exploration of Technological Diversity and the Geographic Localization of Innovation”, Small Business Economics, Vol. 9, pp. 21-31.
  • Boddy M., 2005, “The Knowledge-Driven Economy, Regional Economic Strategy and the Regional Spatial Strategy in the South West of England”, South West Regional Development Agency.
  • Bresnehan T., Gambardella A. and Saxenian A, 2001, “Old Economy’ Inputs for ‘New Economy’ Outcomes: Cluster Formation in the New Silicon Valleys”, Journal of Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp 835-860.
  • Bresnehan T., Gambardella A., 2007, “Building High-Tech Clusters”, Cambridge Press, ISBN 978-0-521-82722-5.
  • Cameron G., Muellbauer J. and Snicker J., 2002, “A Study in Structural Change: Relative Earnings in Wales Since the 1970’s”, G Cameron, J Muellbauer and J Snicker, Regional Studies, Vol. 36, Iss. 1, pp. 1-11.
  • Chen C.H., 1996, “Regional determinants of foreign direct investment in mainland China”, Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 18-30.
  • Clement R.M., 2004, “A Sustainable Engine for Economic Development”, Presentation to Cardiff Business School.
  • Cooke P., 2002, “Regional Innovation Systems, Clusters&the Knowledge Economy”, European Comparisons, Conference Presentation, The Digital North Denmark Research Seminar.
  • Cooke P. and Clifton N., 2005,“Visionary, Precautionary and Constrained `Varieties of Devolution` in the Economic Governance of the Devolved UK Territories”, Regional Studies, Vol. 39, Iss. 4, pp. 437-451.
  • Davies G.H., Abbey J.V., Huxtable L. and Bunting G., 2007, “Using experts in the identification of the challenges to the development of a Regional Knowledge Economy”, QRM Conference Proceedings.
  • De Laurentis C., Cooke P. and Williams, G., 2003, “Barriers to the Knowledge Economy- New Media Cluster in the Periphery”, Paper presented at the Regional Studies Association International Conference, Scuola Superiore Sant' Anna Pisa 12th -15th April 2003.
  • Dorfman N., 1983, “Route 128: The development of a regional high technology economy”, Research Policy, Vol. 12, pp 299-316.
  • DTI, 2001, “Regional Innovation Performance in the UK”, Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government.
  • DTI, 2003, “Competing in the Global Economy – The Innovation Challenge”, DTI Economics Paper, No. 7, Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government.
  • DTI, 2004, “Our Competitive Future: Building the Knowledge-Driven Economy”, Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government.
  • DTI, 2001, “Business Cluster in the UK – A First Assessment”, Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government.
  • Edmonds T., 2000, “Regional Competitiveness&the Role of the Knowledge Economy”, Research Paper 00/73, Economic Policy&Statistics Section, House of Commons, UK Parliament.
  • EU, 2003, “Final Report of the Expert Group on Enterprise Clusters and Networks”, Enterprise Directorate General, European Commission.
  • EU, 2005, “Common Actions for Growth and Employment: The Community Lisbon Programme”, Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, European Commission.
  • HEFCE (2003) “Higher Education Business Interaction Survey 2000-01 and Patent Office Annual Facts and Figures 2000-01”, London, UK: Patent Office.
  • Hughes A., 1999, “Enterprise, Innovation and High-Tech SMEs”, ESRC Centre for Business Research and Judge Institute of Management Studies, Conference Paper, The Economics of the Knowledge Driven Economy, DTI, 1999.
  • HSMO Licensing Division, 2003, “Lambert Review of Business-university Collaboration”, Norwich, UK: HM Treasury.
  • K GROUP, 2006, “Knowledge Economy Theme: Interim Report, Wales Spatial Plan, Swansea Bay – Waterfront and Western Valleys”, Working Document, School of Law, Swansea University.
  • Karlsson K., 2007, “Clusters, Functional Regions and Cluster Policies”, CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series, Paper No. 84.
  • Keeble D. and Tomlinson F., 1999, “Collective Learning and Knowledge Development in the Evolution of Regional Clusters of High Technology SMEs in Europe”, Regional Studies, Vol. 33, Iss. 4, pp 295-305.
  • Ketels C., Lindqvist G. and Solvell O., 2008, “Clusters and Cluster Initiatives”, Center for Strategy and Competitiveness Stockholm School of Economics.
  • Leadbeater C., 1999, “New Measures for the New Economy”, OECD International Symposium, Technical Meeting.
  • Local Futures, 2006, “A Cardiff and South East Wales City Region?”, Research Report, Local Futures Group.
  • Lovering J., 1999, “Theory Led by Policy: The Inadequacies of the ‘New Regionalism’ (Illustrated from the Case of Wales)”, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.
  • Maskell P. and Malmberg A., 1999, “Localised learning and industrial competitiveness”, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 23, pp. 167-185, 1999.
  • Milken Global Conference, Los Angeles April 2010.
  • NAW, 2006, “Enterprise, Innovation and Networks Committee, Review of Science Policy in Wales”, National Assembly of Wales.
  • OECD, 1996, “The Knowledge-based Economy”, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
  • OECD, 2005, “Briefing Note for the United States”, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2005, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
  • Porter M.E., 1990, “Competitive Advantage of Nations”, Free Press, ISBN 0-684-84147-9.
  • Porter M., 2000, “Location, Competition and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy”, Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 4, Iss. 15, pp 15-34.
  • Porter M. and Ketels C. H. M., 2003, “Moving to the next stage”, DTI Economics Paper No.3, Department for Trade and Industry, UK Government.
  • Porter M. and Stern S., 1999, “The New Challenge to Americas Prosperity: Findings from the Innovation Index”, Council of Competitiveness.
  • Rocha H. O., 2004, “Entrepreneurship and Development: The Role of Clusters”, Small Business Economics, Vol. 23, pp. 363-400.
  • Scot Exec, 2001, “Scottish Executive Report on the Knowledge Economy Cross-Cutting Initiative”, Scottish Executive.
  • Shapira P., Youtie J., Yogeesvaran K. and Jaafar Z., 2005, “A125: Knowledge Economy Measurements: Methods, Results and Insights from the Malaysian Knowledge Content Study”, Conference Paper, Triple Helix 5 Conference, Turin.
  • Steil, B., Victor, D., and Nelson, R. (2002) “Technological Innovation and Economic Performance”, Princeton, USA: Princeton University Press.
  • Todtling F. and Trippl M., 2005, “One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach”, Research Policy, Vol. 34, Iss. 8, pp. 1203-1219.
  • Turok I., 1993, “Inward Investment and Local Linkages: How Deeply Embedded is ‘Silicon Glen’?’, Regional Studies, Vol. 25, Iss. 5, pp. 401-417.
  • Varga A., 2000, “Local Academic Knowledge Transfers and the Concentration of Economic Activity”, Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 40, No.2, pp. 289-309.
  • WAG, 2001, “A Winning Wales: The National Economic Development Strategy of the Welsh Assembly Government”, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WAG, 2003, “Wales for Innovation: The Welsh Assembly Government’s Action Plan for Innovation”, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WAG, 2003a, “A Winning Wales: Annual Report 2002-2003”, Welsh Assembly Government
  • WAG, 2003b, “Wales: A Better Country: The Strategic Agenda of the Welsh Assembly Government”, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WAG, 2004, “Knowledge Economy Nexus: Role of higher Education in Wales”, Report of the Welsh Assembly Government’s Higher Education and Economic Development Task and Finish Group.
  • WAG, 2004c, “People, Places, Futures: The Wales Spatial Plan”, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WAG, 2005b, “Wales: A Vibrant Economy”, The Welsh Assembly Government’s Strategic Framework for Economic Development, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WAG, 2005c, “Skills and Employment Action Plan for Wales 2005”, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WAG, 2006, “A Science Policy for Wales 2006: The Welsh Assembly Government’s Strategic Vision for Sciences, Engineering and Technology”, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • Wei Y., Parker D. and Vaidya K., 1999, “The Regional Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment in China”, Regional Studies, Vol. 33, Iss. 9, pp. 857-867.
  • WEFO, 2004, “Single Programming Document including Mid-term Review Changes”, West Wales and Valleys, Objective 1, Welsh European Funding Office, Welsh Assembly Government.
  • WEFO, 2006, “Frameworks and Projects: An overview of implementation arrangements”, WEFO Programme Management Division, Welsh European Funding Office.
  • Work Foundation, 2006, “The Knowledge Economy in Europe: A Report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council, The Work Foundation.
  • Young S ., Hood N. and Peters E ., 1994,” Multinational Enterprises and Regional Economic Development”, Regional Studies, Vol. 28, No. 7, pp. 657–677.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play

Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster' conversation and receive update notifications?