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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 6

Kaartwerk

Module 1

Bepaling van rigting

Bepaling van rigting

1. Die gebruik van lengte- en breedtelyne om ligging aan te dui.

Net soos ons lyne op 'n kaart of plan intrek, word daar ook sekere denkbeeldige lyne op die aarde geteken. Presies halfpad tussen die Noord- en Suidpool lê die EWENAAR. Die ewenaar word die 0° breedtelyn genoem en loop van oos na wes. Parallel met die 0° breedtelyn loop daar nog ‘n 90°N en 90°S breedtelyn by die twee Pole.

Die ewenaar verdeel die aardbol in twee helftes. Die “boonste” helfte word die NOORDELIKE HALFROND genoem en die “onderste” helfte word die SUIDELIKE HALFROND genoem.

Daar is ook denkbeeldige lyne wat van noord na suid loop. Hulle word die lengtelyne genoem. Die lengtelyn wat op 0° lê, word die GREENWICH-lengtelyn genoem. Dit verdeel die aarde weer in 'n WESTELIKE HALFROND en OOSTELIKE HALFROND. Oos van die Greenwich lengtelyn is daar 180 lengtelyne en wes van die Greenwich lengtelyn is daar ook 180 lengtelyne.

Al hierdie lengte- en breedtelyne vorm kruispunte op die aarde waarmee 'n plek se presiese ligging aangedui kan word. Meer hieroor later. Vir nou is dit genoeg dat jy kan aandui in watter halfrond / halfrondes 'n plek, land of kontinent geleë is.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om vrae te beantwoord

[lu 1.3, 1.5]

Bestudeer die wêreldkaart in jou atlas en beantwoord die volgende vrae.

  • Noem die vastelande waardeur die ewenaar gaan.
  • Die ewenaar loop deur drie oseane. Noem hulle.
  • Is Kaapstad in die Oostelike of Westelike Halfrond geleë?
  • Watter vasteland lê heeltemal noord van die ewenaar?
  • Watter vasteland lê heeltemal in die Westelike Halfrond?

In watter twee halfrondes is Suid-Afrika geleë?

2. Die kenmerke van Lengte- en Breedtelyne.

Lengte- en breedtelyne

3. Breedtelyne

‘n Paar belangrike feite:

Die bekendste is die ewenaar (0°-breedtelyn)

  • Die keerkringe is by 23½° geleë.
  • Die poolsirkels is by 66½° geleë.
  • Die pole is by 90° geleë (eintlik ‘n punt en nie ‘n lyn nie).
  • Alle breedtelyne is parallel (eweredig) aan mekaar.
  • Breedtelyne dui die noordelike en suidelike halfrondes aan.
  • Wanneer ligging aangedui word, word ‘n plek se breedteligging eerste genoem.
  • ‘n Plek se breedteligging is ‘n goeie aanduiding van die klimaat daarvan. Julle weet reeds dat ‘n plek naby die ewenaar (0°) normaalweg baie warm is. Ook weet julle dat ‘n plek naby die pole (90°) baie koud is. Onthou net dat daar meer faktore is wat ‘n plek se klimaat bepaal as net die breedteligging.

Die belangrikste breedtelyne

4. Lengtelyne

‘n Paar belangrike feite:

  • Die bekendste is die Greenwich-meridiaan (0° lengtelyn).
  • Vanaf Greenwich (0°) word die lengtelyne na oos tot by 180° genommer.
  • Dit vorm die Oostelike Halfrond.
  • Vanaf Greenwich (0°) word die lengtelyne na wes ook tot by 180° genommer.
  • Dit vorm die Westelike Halfrond.
  • Lengtelyne kom by die pole bymekaar en is almal ewe lank.
  • By die ewenaar is die lengtelyne die verste van mekaar geleë.
  • Wanneer ‘n plek se ligging aangedui word, word lengteligging altyd tweede genoem.

Oostelike Halfrond

Westelike halfrond

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10999/1.1
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