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Tegnologie

Graad 8

Voedselprosessering

Module 10

Basiese reëls vir veiligheid in die kombuis en noodhulphandelinge

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om basiese reëls vir veiligheid in die kombuis op te noem en toe te pas

[lu 1.12]

  • In die kombuis skuil daar etlike gevare. Daar is verskeie implemente wat beserings kan veroorsaak indien dit nie met die nodige sorg gebruik word nie. Dit is van uiterste belang dat reëls vir veiligheid in die kombuis nagekom moet word . Dit sluit byvoorbeeld in dat stowe korrek gebruik word en veiligheidsmaatreëls rakende elektrisiteit toegepas word.

1. Noem tien basiese reëls vir veiligheid in die kombuis.

2. Noem drie veiligheidsmaatreëls wanneer jy die stoof gebruik.

3. Noem drie veiligheidsaspekte rakende elektrisiteit in die kombuis.

LU 1.12

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om basiese noodhulphandelinge te beskryf en toe te pas

  • Noodhulp is die onmiddellike behandeling van ’n beseerde of siek persoon deur gebruik te maak van die hulpmiddels wat beskikbaar is. Dit is verpligtend in restaurante en hotels dat van die personeel noodhulpopleiding ondergaan. Dit is ook belangrik dat daar ’n noodhulptassie in die kombuis moet wees. Vinnige en doeltreffende behandeling kan vinnige herstel bevorder, voorkom dat die beseerde persoon se toestand versleg en in sommige gevalle selfs lewens red.
  • In die kombuis is daar twee beserings wat gereeld voorkom: bloeding en brandwonde.

1. Noem twee maniere om bloedverlies as gevolg van ’n snywond te verminder.

2. Noem twee soorte brandwonde en beskryf hoe jy elk sal behandel.

3. Noem drie voorsorgmaatreëls om brand- en skroeiwonde in die kombuis te voorkom.

4. Bestudeer die onderstaande prent en identifiseer die onhigiëniese toestande en potensieel onveilige situasies. Maak ook voorstelle hoe die gevare voorkom kan word.

Assessering

Leeruitkomstes(LUs)
LU 1
tegnologiese prosesse en vaardighede Die leerder is in staat om tegnologies prosesse en vaardighede eties en verantwoordelikheid toe te pas deur gepaste inligtings- en kommunikasietegnologie te gebruik.
Assesseringstandaarde(ASe)
Dit word bewys as die leerder:
ondersoek:1.1 die agtergrondkonteks, die aard van die behoefte, die omgewingsituasie en die mense wat betrokke is wanneer ‘n probleem, behoefte of geleentheid in ‘n nasionaal relevante konteks gegee word ondersoek;
1.2 bestaande produkte wat met die probleem verband hou, ondersoek;
1.3 praktiese toetse in die tegnologiese veld ontwikkel en uitvoer;
1.4 gepaste soorte tegnologie en metodes gebruik om die volgende te doen:
  • versamel toepaslike data uit verskillende bronne of hulpbronne;
  • gebruik soektegnieke;
  • verkry toepaslike data;
  • maak sinvolle opsommings;
  • gebruik inligting om besluite en idees te staaf en te ondersteun.
ontwerp:1.5 ‘n kort en duidelike stelling of ontwerpopdrag skryf vir die ontwikkeling van ‘n produk of stelsel in reaksie op ‘n gegewe of geïdentifiseerde situasie;
1.7 verskeie alternatiewe oplossings genereer en aantekeninge skryf oor idees wat met die ontwerpstelling en -spesifikasies verband hou;
maak:1.9 ‘n plan ontwikkel vir die maak van ‘n produk, met besonderhede oor al die volgende:
  • hulpbronne benodig
  • sketse wat die afmetings of hoeveelhede aandui
  • al die stappe wat nodig is om die produk te maak;
1.10 gepaste gereedskap en materiaal kies om produkte deur middel van gepaste tegnieke te maak deur verskillende soorte materiaal akkuraat te meet, uit te merk, te knip/sny of te skei, te vorm of te vervorm, te heg, te las of saam te voeg, en af te rond;
1.12 veilige werkpraktyk gebruik en ‘n bewustheid toon van doeltreffende maniere om materiaal en gereedskap te gebruik;

Memorandum

Aktiwiteit 1

1.

  • Bêre skerp messe buite bereik van kinders.
  • Sny weg van jou af op ’n kapplank.
  • Moenie troeteldiere in die kombuis toelaat nie.
  • Hou gordyne weg van stoof.
  • Moenie met lang en wye moue werk by stoof nie.
  • Merk houers van voedsel en skoonmaakmiddels duidelik.
  • Merk gifstowwe duidelik en bêre buite bereik van kinders.
  • Draai gebreekte glas in koerantpapier toe alvorens weggooi.
  • Gee ’n mes aan deur die hef aan te bied.
  • Moenie in kombuis hardloop en speel nie.

2.

  • Draai handvatsels weg van die rand van die stoof.
  • Moenie kombuis verlaat as daar warm olie op stoof is nie.
  • Gebruik droë vatlappies en nie nat lappe nie.
  • Indien olie brand, sit deksel op – nie water opgooi nie.
  • Lig potdeksels sodat die stoom weg van jou ontsnap.

3.

  • Moenie beskadigde koorde gebruik nie.
  • Skakel krag af na gebruik.
  • Moenie apparaat met nat hande hanteer nie.
  • Hou koorde weg van warm apparaat.
  • Laat herstelwerk doen deur gekwalifiseerde persoon.

AKTIWITEIT 2

1. Pas druk toe op die wondHou die wond hoog

2. Brandwonde deur droë hitte, bv. vuurvlammeBrandwonde deur klam hitte, bv. stoom en kookwater Behandeling Verminder die hitte deur die beseerde area so gou moontlik met ys of water nat te maak.

3. Moue moet ten alle tye opgerol wees.Gebruik ’n dik droë lap vir die hantering van warm apparaatHandvatsels van panne behoort nie verby die rand van die stoof te steek nieBrandkombers en brandblusser behoort in elke kombuis aangehou te word.

4. Die skets is ’n samevatting van die veiligheidsmaatreëls reeds behandel. Laat klasbespreking oor die leerders se insette toe.

Questions & Answers

what's a psy.d degree
Robin Reply
Psychology Doctorate. The main difference between PsyD and PhD Psychology is that PsyD mainly focuses on clinical sessions and PhD focuses on research.
Shrajan
so most of the phd holders become professors teaching what they have learnt
Bridget
Hi, I have a question. What factors influence social facilitation and social inhibition in groups?
Amritpal Reply
it really depends on that person on how the can task in life either they can work better with other people or you do worse working with people.
Lametra
the task
Lametra
they task
Lametra
Do you know of any studies done to show social facilitation and social inhibition
Amritpal
social facilitation is often influenced by the person's perception of the situation and their appraisal of the task. for example, a track athlete who views their competition as a challenge rather than a threat, will tend to run the fastest they have ever ran under a large crowd.
fady
Another condition is if the person has mastered the ability to perform that task. A track athlete who trains everyday, will perform above average under a large crowd, however, someone who does not run, will tend to do worse than their actual ability under a large crowd
fady
social inhibition can be explained through evolutionary biology or attachment personality theory. some people develop an avoidance personality trait, which when they feel under pressure, they tend to leave the group or avoid a gathering due to high lev of stress
fady
Does anyone know how I can transfer my higher national diploma credits in usa?
Qwanta Reply
Oh wow. I never realised there was a chat on this app!
Amritpal Reply
Then welcome dearest
Bridget
Thank you! ❤️
Amritpal
thank you
Ana
Hello Ana, good afternoon from here
Philip Reply
hello im new student here.
Junalyn Reply
o sorry madm
Rai
hello
Rai
I m also student.
Rai
hi
Kavya
what is easier option to psychology?
Dhanaraj
I'm new too
Deniz
As in the the specialisation or ?
Bridget
good morning
Ana
understanding human nature is what we are going to talk about.
Ana
okay, go ahead
Philip
“ Every child is left to evaluate his experiences for himself, and to take care of his own personal development outside the classroom. There is no tradition for the acquisition of a true knowledge of the human psyche. The science of human nature thus finds itself today in the position that chemis
Ana
well, I think every individual is different and to a great extent we can't say confidently that we understand the human nature in its entirety
Philip
lack determines what we will become in life?.
Ana
Not 100% but it plays a huge role
Philip
Hi! I wasn't aware there was a chat feature on this app 😊
Ophelia
👍Philip Anyaegbu
Ana
cool
Ana
👍
Ana
yes Ana I'm here
Philip
alternatively we are different, we have basic similar qualities
Bridget
Yes true Bridget.
Philip
hello there
Ciel
Hi
Philip
hi
Ej
hi
KUNDAN
hi
Ana
who we are how we think what we do insight
Ana
@ bridget. yes that's true
Ana
Ana ioanidis? do you speak Greek?
Qwanta
Qwanta no I dont speak Greek my husband does
Ana
are you a psychologist? or your husband?
Qwanta
I need some reliable informations about my studies...
Qwanta
not a psychologist
Ana
I ask questions
Ana
so what is the cause why a person experiences a psychological disorder if it not of their own?
Junalyn Reply
it's partly genetics,culture, environment and substance abuse. generally these are the common factors which can lead to most of the disorders
war
waoo
Rai
r u proficcer
Rai
u r psychology subject
Rai
not a professor but a clinical psychologist
war
can i ask you, i keep getting headache, and had a history of hypothyroid ans diagnosed as having mild anxiety disorder. i want to finish. my undergraduate psychology thesis.. but always unable to have good ambition and energy to focus on writing the case and the theories... whats the best remedy
Astaroxche
had a headache and have a history
Ana
297 according to the DSM 5
fady
how many disorders are there
Janareon Reply
interesting question
Mahmoud
it is😅
Nelly
I'm guessing it's in the tens of thousands, maybe hundreds if you include counter interactions and stuff like it. although I'm sure it's almost impossible to know for sure, unless you're very rich and connected to the right people. but as I said: guessing.
Beenie
There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are: clinical depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Symptoms may include changes in mood, personality, personal habits and/or social withdrawal. that is what I think
Mahmoud
too difficult to number. diagnosing a disorder is just checking off boxes on a compilation of symptoms that might match any particular condition on the DSM
what is psychology of the guest
Lirilong Reply
I don't understand the question can you elaborate?
Edgar
the study of philosophy gives to the sociologist
Aman Reply
why women are viewed as far more emotional than men?
Wario Reply
because they actually are ,I guess.
Collins
May be they are biologically milder than man. It does not mean they are not equal with man. Man can also be emotional and can are oppressed with traditional norms. For example, man are not to be cry, in actual man are also emotional being and they cannot have the right to show their sentiment.
shine
sollungal bro sollungal...
Balaji
because of she has hormonal fluctuations than men..
bavi
usually women are more emotional than men and they are multi talented people
lavanya
Both men and women are capable of expressing emotions. But women has the highest percentage of doing that. Because our society is conditioned by nature in such a way that men are expected to suppress their emotions and motivate them through their acts or thoughts, which has it's side effects of....
Santos
denial of any emotion which they feel that useless at that point. Women in the other hand were encouraged/not controlled to suppress their emotions and let them out what they feel about it. I feel that's the wonderful superpower of the women.
Santos
y
Mahmoud
Men's emotion comes mostly with memories triggered by senses. That means, they thoughts have the power to decide whether to let go of emotions or not.
Santos
Q
Mark
because women tend to be more agreeable than men.
Edgar
women at a young age are conditioned to be more in tune with emotion than man should be less
David
The question is "Why women Viewed are as far more emotional than men ?" it's not a question whether women are more emotional than men. This is more an issue about the point of view from the observer, his/her assumption what emotional behavior is or what emotional behavior is.
Mehmet
The anwers are answers more to the question " Are women more emotional than men?"
Mehmet
hi are you on what'sap
Wunuji Reply
no not really a fan of social laziness
Robert
huh
Parmizan
is there any way for a Btech E.C.E. graduate to take on MSC. PSYCHOLOGY
devesh
ya you can just by cracking entrance , if in India
Mansi
Any stream in UG can go for M.Sc (Psychology)
classification of traits and how they are measured
chinedu Reply
what was Freud's first name?
Robin Reply
Sigmund
Dentriodite
sigmund
Margie
Sigismund Schlomo Freud
Mohammad
Sigmund Freud
Talal
sigmund
Ankita
Leon Vygotsky and Sergei Rubenstein please tell me contributions of these personalities in in 4 lines
Uzma
sigmund Freud
Harpreet
Lev Vygotsky was the founder of socio-cultural theory
Jo
So psychology was based off of the Greek gods I that right or no?
Tanya Reply
psychology is the study. anything -ology is the study of a certain field. Psyche is a mortal woman who becomes divine in Greek mythology. The etymology of the word "psyche" in Greek means "spirit" or "soul"
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Source:  OpenStax, Tegnologie graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 13, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11051/1.1
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