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Life orientation

Grade 4

Physical development and movement

Module 16

Basic skill exercises

Basic athletics and field event skills

(Some of these activities have been adapted from the book: The Lesson in Physical Education, H.E.K. McEwan, Maskew Miller Longman, 1980.)

Activity 1

To perform basic field event skills [lo 4.3]

These activities can be carried out easily, both in the school hall or out of doors, by a class that has been divided into groups.

Crouching sprinting take-off

Material : Blackboard chalk

The teacher appoints one learner as starter.

The other learners, in groups of 5 or 6, take up position behind a chalked line.

When the starter says, “On your marks”, they crouch down behind the line.

On the command, “Go!” they sprint to the other end of the hall.

Activity 2

To perform basic field event skills [lo 4.3]

Relay training runs

Material : Blackboard chalk, stopwatch (optional).

Learners work together in groups of three.

The teacher draws two parallel lines one metre apart on both sides of the available training area.

Learner 1 takes off from a crouching sprinting position and sprints from one line to the other.

When he/she reaches the line, learner 2 takes off (from a standing position) and sprints back to learner 1’s original position.

Learner 3 takes off from the position as soon as learner 2 reaches him/her.

For assessment purposes the teacher can take the learners’ time with a stopwatch.

Activity 3

To perform basic field event skills [lo 4.3]

Speed training

Material : Bricks or markers (two per team), stopwatch

Pack pyramids with bricks or markers two metres apart.

Divide the class into equal teams of about eight learners.

Team members run twice around the markers in pairs.

The educator takes the time with a stopwatch.

The team that completes its rounds in the shortest time is the winner.

Activity 4

To perform basic field event skills [lo 4.3]

Hurdles/obstacle training

Material : Four sets of bricks and four sticks (1,5 m long) per group, stopwatch.

Build a set of four hurdles with bricks and sticks that are placed equidistantly.

The hurdles must become gradually higher.

The class is divided into equal groups. Each group is given the chance to jump the hurdles one by one. It must be pointed out to the learners that they must “run” and not jump over the hurdles.

The team that completes the circuit in the shortest time is the winner. Learners who jump and do not run over the hurdles, cause their team to be disqualified.

Activity 5

To perform basic field event skills [lo 4.3]

Shot-put with beanbags

Material : Measuring-tape, blackboard chalk, a number of beanbags or sandbags

The teacher draws a circle with a diameter of 2 m and divides it up into quarters.

Each learner is given a chance to throw the beanbag using a strong “pushing” motion along the line of the chin.

The learner starts at the “6:00” line and throws the bag with a pulling-gliding movement out of the circle at the “12:00” mark.

It is important to emphasise the movement of the left foot along the diameter.

(Sandbags can also be used for this exercise.)

The russian troika: a rhythmic posture dance

Activity 6

To perform a russian dance [lo 4.4]

Lively marching music is suitable for this dance. (Troika is the Russian word for a three-horse sleigh.)

Material : Cassette and CD player with suitable music, beanbag or book per learner (optional), scarves or handkerchiefs (optional)

Learners are placed in threes in a star formation. They look to the right.

The learners run “pony style”, lifting their knees high towards the chin, their backs straight and their heads held high.

Learners place their hands on each other’s shoulders. Their arms must be straight.

The following steps are executed:

When the music starts, the teacher counts “1,2,3,4” to the beat of the music.

Starting on the right foot, the learners lightly “trot” forward together, to the beat of the music. When the teacher counts “1,2,3, turn” the learners lift their hands from each other’s shoulders and turn around sharply. They again put their hands on each other’s shoulders. This movement must be executed quickly and effortlessly without breaking the rhythm of the movement. They now “trot” in the opposite direction without losing the beat of the music.

This dance can also be expanded: the learner in the middle can follow an arch with his/her arms, or learners can dance with beanbags on their heads to emphasise the posture of the body. Scarves or kerchiefs can be held instead of placing the hands on their friends’ shoulders.



The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of, and participate in, activities that promote movement and physical development.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

  • demonstrates basic field and track athletics techniques;

4.4 performs rhythmic movements with awareness of posture.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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