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Against this backdrop, the Smithsonian Photography Initiative (SPI) was established in 2001. Smithsonian Photographic Initiative: (External Link) . It serves as a central, web-based programming unit designed to stimulate dialogue about the cultural impact ofphotography with new and existing Smithsonian audiences. Organized as a series of integrated programs, the website Click! photography changes everything The Smithsonian Institution explains that “Click! photography changes everything” isa collection of essays and stories by experts who discuss how photography shapes our culture and our lives. [It explores]how photography changes Who We Are , What We Do , What We See , Where We Go , What We Want and What We Remember .” (External Link) . invites the public to consider ways in which photography enables people to see, experience,and interact with the world. Although the Search Images feature of the website presents a relatively small percentage of art, science, culture, and historyimages available in each of the Smithsonian’s units, it does present the only pan-institutional image cross-section. SPI does not provide sales or licensingservices; instead it redirects web visitors via links to the websites of the SI units, which each manage their own images and content. There is no consistentpolicy regarding licensing fees across the units of the Smithsonian Institution, and some work with third-party licensing agencies such as Corbis and ArtResource.

At the same time the Smithsonian Photography Initiative was launched, Smithsonian Images Smithsonian Images: (External Link)_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=content&contentpath=about.html . was created as a pilot web program with the goals of using credit cards for e-commerce and increasing visibility and access to its online digital images. Fees charged for non-commercial use were designated for recovery of distributioncosts rather than to generate profit for the Institution. From its inception, Smithsonian Images has permitted free download of digital images at a non-publication resolution for educational, scholarly and personal use under the terms of “fair use.”

Early in 2007, the Smithsonian Institution’s Digitization Steering Committee issued a report with recommendations about theresources and infrastructure needed to create, manage, provide access to, and use the Institution’s digital assets to effectively meet the needs of real andvirtual visitors. In April 2007, the Smithsonian met with Library of Congress staff to discuss technology infrastructure requirements to support digitizationand various procedural considerations, including intellectual property rights. The Smithsonian Digital Media Use Committee was formed in July 2007 to create anew pan-institutional policy reflecting current technologies and SI’s commitment to providing broad access to digital assets in a manner consistent with itslegal and stewardship responsibilities.

Barriers to making images available free of charge

Although the Smithsonian Institution seeks to increase access for educational and research purposes, it cites the followingreasons for not making images available free of charge for scholarly publishing:

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Art museum images in scholarly publishing. OpenStax CNX. Jul 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10728/1.1
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