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Ecuador

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Research on human embryos (and therefore cloning) is prohibited as of June 1998.

Peru

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.
  • Fertilization of a human ovum with intent other than procreation is prohibited, as well as human cloning (General Health Law, 1997).

Uruguay

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are not specifically prohibited, but reproductive cloning is.

Europe

Austria

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Reproductive medicine is acceptable only within stable heterosexual relationships for the purpose of reproduction. Embryos can be used only for implantation in the woman who has donated the oocytes , and for no other purposes. Donation of embryos or gametes is prohibited (Federal Law of 1992 Regulating Medically Assisted Procreation).

Belgium

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned as of May 2003.

Czech republic

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted using lines created from unused IVF eggs.

Denmark

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning and the funding of such activities are as of 2003.

Estonia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is allowed, but reproductive and therapeutic cloning are banned.

Finland

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • The act defines embryo as a fusion of gametes, so therapeutic cloning is permitted, but reproductive cloning is prohibited (Medical Research Act of 1999).

France

  • Embryonic stem cell research is allowed, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.
  • Research on human embryonic stem cells is now allowed until embryos are 6-8 days old. Embryos cannot be created specifically for research -- scientists must use existing embryos from IVF. Embryonic stem cell lines are typically imported from abroad.

Georgia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are.
  • Human cloning through the use of genetic engineering is prohibited (1997 Law on Health Care).

Germany

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but all forms of cloning (reproductive and therapeutic) are banned.
  • It is Illegal to create any new stem cell lines after December 2001.

Greece

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.

Hungary

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but reproductive and therapeutic cloning are.
  • The national law (1997) does not explicitly address or prohibit embryonic stem cell research or therapeutic cloning.

Iceland

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted using lines created from unused IVF eggs and for development or fertility research.
  • Reproductive and therapeutic cloning are prohibited (Act on Artificial Fertilisation, 1996).

Ireland

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Human cloning is prohibited because the "right to life of an unborn child is equal to that of the mother" as stated in the Constitution of Ireland.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Stem cell research: a science and policy overview. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10445/1.1
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