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Or of thoughts without ideas.

But what is a thought? Or what is an idea?

An idea is a thought that occurs to someone, that means that ideas are thoughts. Because they are whole ideas or we'll thought out. That means, in turn, that ideas can be feeling.

Ideas are feelings if they have thoughts or link to their memories or other visualizations. That is because feelings consist of thoughts or feeling-triggers.

Attention and thought control

How does the attention process work? Do people who are anxious pay more attention to threatening things in their environment than peoplewho aren't anxious? Do people who are depressed have less motivation and a slower reaction time or do they pay more attention to negativestimuli than positive? There is going to be emotional biases with mental illnesses or each time someone pays attention to something - ifsomeone is experiencing an emotion, than that emotion is going to influence their attention in a certain way. For instance, if someoneis experiencing the emotion of 'guilt' then clearly if they see something they feel guilty about they are going to pay attention to itdifferently (as they would associate and compare the guilt they are feeling with the guilt related to the object they are looking at).

Attention also relates to the thoughts someone experiences - if someone is paying attention to their own thoughts, then they might dothings to control their thoughts. Some thoughts are voluntary and people direct or create them consciously, and some are moreunconscious and instinctual - thoughts that they have less control over. Wells and Morrison (1994) Wells, A., + Morrison, T. (1994) Qualitative dimensions of normal worry andnormal intrusive thoughts" A comparative study. Behavior Research and therapy. investigated dimensions of naturally occurring worry and intrusivethoughts in 30 normal subjects. They were asked to keep a diary and record their worries and intrusive thoughts, and they were also askedto rate each thought on the following dimensions:

  1. Degree of verbal thought/imagery involved
  2. Intrusiveness
  3. How realistic the thought was
  4. How involuntary the thought was
  5. How controllable it was
  6. How dismissable it was
  7. How much the thought grabbed attention
  8. Degree of distress associated with the thought
  9. Intensity of compulsion to act on the thought
  10. Degree of resistance to the thought
  11. Degree of success in controlling the thought

Wells and Davies (1994) Wells, A., + Davies, M. (1994) A questionaire for assessing thought controlstrategies: Development and preliminary validation. have attempted to distinguish types of thought control strategy. Theyinterviewed patients with a range of anxiety disorders to determine the types of strategy used to control unpleasant and/or unwantedthoughts. Seven types of strategy emerged from the pilot interviews: cognitive and behavioral distraction; punishment; distancing; re-appraisal; mood changing activites; exposure to the thought; worry about more trivial things. Sometimes people might think that theirthoughts are likely to come true, or that their worries are not controllable. "Cognitive and behavioral distraction" probably meansdistraction by your own internal thinking or distraction by you doing something - such as behaving in a certain way. "Punishment" would meanpunishing yourself for having a thought you didn't want, distancing would mean somehow separating yourself from the thought, and re-appraisal would mean thinking of the thought differently or assessing that thought in a different way.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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