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Economic and management sciences

Grade 6

From tree to tin can

Module 6

Primary, secondary and tertiary industries

  1. What is primary industry?

These are industries that have to do with the exploitation of raw materials found in nature.

  1. What is secondary industry?

This involves factories that manufacture goods, i.e. industries that are involved with the conversion of raw materials into goods.

  1. What is tertiary industry?

These are the businesses that render the services to supply the products to the consumer or transport the products to the consumer (marketing and distribution).

Assignment 1

Arrange the following industries under the appropriate headings:

banks , a canning factory , a wheat farm , a supermarket , a hair salon , a sweet factory , a fishery , an estate agent , a fruit farm , a cattle farm , pine plantations , a wholesaler , the police , the municipality , hospitals , schools .

Primary Secondary Tertiary

[LO 2.1]

Because there are three types of industry, it is possible for us to say that a product goes through three stages of production. All products undergo these three stages of production, which are

This is called the PRODUCTION CHAIN . The price increases at each link in the chain. When one of your parents therefore buys a can of preserved peaches, she or he is paying for the work of the farmer, the manufacturer, the transporter, the wholesaler and the shop owner.

Assignment 2

Look at the following flow chart that describes how tart apples are produced. Identify the primary, secondary and tertiary stages of production.

Apples are harvested in an apple orchard on a farm.
In the canning factory the apples are processed to become tart apples.
The can of tart apples is transported to the wholesaler.
The retailer buys it from the wholesaler.
He transports it to his shop.
He sells it to his client (the consumer).

[LO 2.1]

Assignment 3: group project

Use pictures from old magazines and newspapers to make a poster showing the differences between the primary, secondary and tertiary stages of production. You must therefore paste pictures of products representing the different stages.

[LO 2.1]

Assignment 4

Ask your educator to arrange a class visit to a local industry. After the visit draw a flow chart with labels indicating the PRODUCTION LINE through which the raw materials pass to eventually become the final product.

[LO 2.1]

The cost of production

To manufacture goods, the producer needs materials, labour and capital. Manufacturing costs money, because each of the inputs must be paid for. Two main costs are involved, namely direct and indirect costs .

What are direct costs ? These are the materials and labour needed to manufacture things. These direct costs vary according to the amount of items produced

What are indirect costs ? These are expenses such as advertising and telephone accounts that cannot be directly linked to the production process. Some of these indirect costs are fixed amounts which are paid monthly, e.g. rent, interest and salaries. Others differ from month to month and depend on the amount of water and electricity that is used, as well as the amount of telephone calls that are made.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11013/1.1
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