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Economic and management sciences

Grade 6

From tree to tin can

Module 6

Primary, secondary and tertiary industries

  1. What is primary industry?

These are industries that have to do with the exploitation of raw materials found in nature.

  1. What is secondary industry?

This involves factories that manufacture goods, i.e. industries that are involved with the conversion of raw materials into goods.

  1. What is tertiary industry?

These are the businesses that render the services to supply the products to the consumer or transport the products to the consumer (marketing and distribution).

Assignment 1

Arrange the following industries under the appropriate headings:

banks , a canning factory , a wheat farm , a supermarket , a hair salon , a sweet factory , a fishery , an estate agent , a fruit farm , a cattle farm , pine plantations , a wholesaler , the police , the municipality , hospitals , schools .

Primary Secondary Tertiary

[LO 2.1]

Because there are three types of industry, it is possible for us to say that a product goes through three stages of production. All products undergo these three stages of production, which are

This is called the PRODUCTION CHAIN . The price increases at each link in the chain. When one of your parents therefore buys a can of preserved peaches, she or he is paying for the work of the farmer, the manufacturer, the transporter, the wholesaler and the shop owner.

Assignment 2

Look at the following flow chart that describes how tart apples are produced. Identify the primary, secondary and tertiary stages of production.

Apples are harvested in an apple orchard on a farm.
In the canning factory the apples are processed to become tart apples.
The can of tart apples is transported to the wholesaler.
The retailer buys it from the wholesaler.
He transports it to his shop.
He sells it to his client (the consumer).

[LO 2.1]

Assignment 3: group project

Use pictures from old magazines and newspapers to make a poster showing the differences between the primary, secondary and tertiary stages of production. You must therefore paste pictures of products representing the different stages.

[LO 2.1]

Assignment 4

Ask your educator to arrange a class visit to a local industry. After the visit draw a flow chart with labels indicating the PRODUCTION LINE through which the raw materials pass to eventually become the final product.

[LO 2.1]

The cost of production

To manufacture goods, the producer needs materials, labour and capital. Manufacturing costs money, because each of the inputs must be paid for. Two main costs are involved, namely direct and indirect costs .

What are direct costs ? These are the materials and labour needed to manufacture things. These direct costs vary according to the amount of items produced

What are indirect costs ? These are expenses such as advertising and telephone accounts that cannot be directly linked to the production process. Some of these indirect costs are fixed amounts which are paid monthly, e.g. rent, interest and salaries. Others differ from month to month and depend on the amount of water and electricity that is used, as well as the amount of telephone calls that are made.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11013/1.1
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