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Grade 6

Discovering energy

Module 13

‘play’ with battery energy

Assignment 1

[lo 1.3]

Making an electrical circuit using a wet cell battery.


  • A lemon to serve as an electrolyte.
  • Small strips of copper and zinc / or a brass drawing pin and a steel paper clip that can serve as electrodes.
  • Two lengths of copper wire for conductors.
  • A light bulb and bulb stand to provide the light.
  • Two paper clips for connecting the metal plates and the conductors.


  • Cut the lemon in half and use one half.
  • Attach the strip of copper / brass drawing pin to one side of the lemon and the zinc strip / paper clip to the other side.
  • Connect a paper clip to each of the wires and slide the paper clips on to the plates.
  • Attach the other ends of the wires to the light bulb.


Does the light bulb glow?

Connect an ordinary battery (a dry cell) and experiment with the circuit until the light bulb lights up with this battery.

Draw a circuit diagram of the electrical circuit to illustrate the flow of the current when the light bulb glows.

How could you increase the chemical energy to improve the brightness of the light from the light bulb?

Assignment 2a

[lo 1.3]

Experiment with each of the following suggestions and mark the suggestion that provides the best result:

Background information

Cells can be connected in two different ways for making a battery.

  • Cells are in series when a positive pole of one cell is linked to the negative pole of another cell. With increasing the number of cells connected in series, the current that is supplied becomes more powerful. This means that the light bulb will glow more brightly.
  • Cells are linked in parallel when all the positive poles of the cells are connected with one another to create a positive connection with the battery.
  • The negative poles are also connected like this. When the number of cells that are connected in PARALLEL increases, the cells can produce the same current for longer.

Assignment 2b

[lo 1.3, 1.6]

Create different switches for an electrical circuit. See how may different types of switches used in electrical appliances you can identify.

  1. What is a switch?

It is a device for opening or closing a circuit so that electricity can flow along the circuit or be prevented from flowing.

  1. Make each of the following switches and connect each to a battery and a light bulb to see if they work. Strip the isolation (plastic) from the ends of the wires before attaching them to the paper clips and use an elastic band to hold them in position against the paper clip.

If you want to use two or more batteries alongside one another, you could place them inside a cardboard or plastic tube.

A sliding switch

A push-button switch

A click switch

A dimmer switch

What happens when you slide one paper clip towards the other? Design your own switch. Add labels and colour to explain what the components are.

  • Make a prototype of your switch and connect it to a circuit. Is your design successful?
  • What type of switch did you make?


Learning Outcomes(LOs)

LO 1


The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies

Assessment Standards(ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.3 performs, where appropriate, scientific investigations about concepts relevant to a problem, need or opportunity using science process skills;

1.6 chooses one of these solutions, giving valid reasons for the choice, and further develops the choice with graphics and/or modelling;

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11005/1.1
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