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Arts and culture

Grade 4

Critical and creative reflection

Module 11

Dance: warming up

Warming up


To warm up and prepare the body before executing physical activity [lo 1.1]

  • It will be easier and more fun if you warm up with music. Choose music that is not too fast.
  • Before attempting any of the activities, you must warm up your body. Warming-up reduces the risk of injury and will make the dances easier to do.

Breathing and spinal warming-up

  • Inhale through the nose for four counts and gradually lift arms sideways.
  • Stretch your spine.
  • Exhale through the mouth for four counts and gradually lower arms.
  • Repeat breathing exercise.
  • Stand with feet hip width apart – knees slightly bent – arms down at sides.
  • Roll down the spine for 8 counts – starting with the head, shoulders, torso, hips.
  • Roll the spine back up for 8 counts – starting with the lower back, torso, shoulders and head until the back is straight.
  • Repeat 4 times.
  • Stand up straight – feet hip width apart – roll both shoulders backwards 4 times.
  • Roll both shoulders forward 4 times.
  • Take straight arms up to the sides – shoulder height – flex hands.
  • Keep arms straight and push to the right – shifting the upper body to the right – keeping hips and feet still.
  • Push to the left.
  • Repeat 8 times.
  • Put your hands on your hips – keep upper body still – rotate your hips – keeping legs still and feet on the floor.
  • Repeat 8 times.
  • Keep hands on hips and walk on the spot for 8 counts.
  • Lift your right knee 4 times.
  • Lift your left knee 4 times.

  • Lift your right knee 2 times.
  • Lift your left knee 2 times.
  • Lift your knees alternately 8 times.

The Plié (pronounced: plee-ay )

  • Open your legs wide.
  • Bend and straighten your knees – keep body straight– buttocks in line with your back.
  • Repeat 8 times.
  • Bring your feet together – feet facing outward – heels together.
  • Bend and straighten your knees.
  • Repeat 8 times.

Foot warm-up

  • Stand up straight – hands on hips.

  • Point and flex your right foot 8 times.
  • Point and flex your left foot 8 times.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.1 in preparing the body, follows a teacher-directed warm-up and skill developing ritual, with attention to safe use of the body, for example

  • knees aligned over toes when bending;
  • articulation (toe-heel-bend) of the feet and bending knees when landing from jumps;
  • good posture at all times.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
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