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Geography

Grade 4

The place where we live

(settlement characteristics)

Module 10

Urbanisation and informal settlements

Urbanisation

  • When our grandparents were children (circa 1950), approximately six out of ten people (60%) lived in rural settlements, while the other four (40%) lived mainly in cities. Today the situation has reversed. Approximately 60% of all the people in South Africa live in cities while the other 40% live in rural areas.
  • The migration of people from rural areas to urban areas is called URBANISATION.
  • The above-mentioned statistics show that a large number of people have urbanized between 1950 and 2004.

Activity 1

To give reasons for urbanisation [lo 2.2]

Supply possible reasons why people move from rural settlements to urban settlements.

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Informal settlements

  • When large numbers of people move to cities to find jobs or a place to live, it often happens that there are not jobs or a place to settle for everybody. A settlement then becomes overpopulated. (There are more people that can be accommodated.) These people then use various materials to erect a temporary shelter to protect them against cold, rain or danger. Typical examples of the materials used, are cardboard, plastic, wood and sheets of corrugated iron. These areas are called informal settlements.

Activity 2

To depict a scene in an informal settlement and make a list of the services that are not available [lo 3.1]

Make a simple sketch of a scene from an informal settlement, and then compile a list of services that are not available in the settlement.

Services and facilities that are not available in informal settlements

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People who live in these settlements often incur damages and loss of life as a result of fire.

Activity 3

To conduct a group discussion during which suggestions are made on how to prevent such disasters [lo 3.2, 3.3]

Discuss in your groups what can be done to prevent such disasters. Make a list of your suggestions.

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Assessment

Learning outcome 2: geographical knowledge and understanding

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • describes the importance of access to resources and services for people living in settlements.

Learning outcome 3: exploring issues

The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.1 identifies issues associated with resources and services in a particular context;

3.2 identifies the factors that influence why some people have better access to resources compared to others in a particular context;

  • suggests ways to improve access to resources in a particular context.

Memorandum

Reasons for urbanisation

  • Employment
  • Facilities/services
  • Higher income
  • Family

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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