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Activity 4:

To use language to talk about language

[lo 6.9]

Spot the Similarity:

  • Mila’s magic
  • The villagers’ shopping baskets
  • I can’t exactly say what it is
  • Bashir’s Family Travel Business
  • Gram’s mince pies
  • I’ve never noticed it
  • What’s this?
  • There’s never enough money
  • Mr Smith’s in on the secret

What do the underlined words have in common?

  • When do we use an apostrophe?
  • To show that something belongs to somebody/something.
  • e.g. Mila’s Magic (the magic belongs to Mila)
  • The villagers’ shopping baskets (the shopping baskets belonging to the villagers.)

Try yourself:

Bashir’s Family Travel:___________ belongs to ______________

Gram’s mince pies:__________ belong to ____________________

To join two words into shorter one :

  • e.g. I can’t go.
  • Can’t = can + not (the apostrophe substitutes the NO of “Not”)
  • I’ve never noticed it.I’ve = I + have (the apostrophe substitutes the HA of “have”)

Try yourself :

There’s never enough money.

  • There’s = _________ + ________ (the apostrophe substitutes the ____ of .____)

To indicate possession with the use of the apostrophe in the following sentences, apply the following:

Word showing possession is singular Add ’s 1. the book of the teacher = the teacher’s book2. the children of Jos = Jos’s children
Word showing possession is plural (more than one) and does not end in ’-s’ Add ’s 1. the toys of the children = children’s toys
Word showing possession is plural (more than one) and ends in ‘-s’ Add only The hair of the girls = the girls’ hair.

Now try the following:

  1. the jackets of the boys
  2. the ears of the mongrel
  3. the smell of the herbs
  4. the recipe of Gram
  5. the destination of the families
  6. the swift motion of her apron
  7. the stings of the bees
  8. the peels of the potatoes
  9. the presence of Shamila
  10. the secret of the naartjie


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
ListeningThe learner will be able to listen for enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 listens for specific information;
1.4 listens actively in discussion.
LO 2
SpeakingThe learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates and interprets;
2.2 interacts in additional language;
2.4 debates social and ethical issues.
LO 3
Reading and ViewingThe learner will be able to read and view for informa­tion and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text (fiction or non-fiction);
3.4 reads for information;
3.6 uses reading strategies;
3.8 demonstrates an ability to use reference books.
LO 4
WritingThe learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes
We know this when the learner:
4.3 writes for personal reflection;
4.4 writes creatively;
4.6 treats writing as a process.
LO 6
Language Structure and useThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.9 expands vocabulary (e.g. by mind-mapping related words, such as words about war).



Perhaps do the same exercise with other pages in the dictionary. Again, the aim is to make learners familiar and comfortable with using a dictionary or any other reference book. Introduce them to as many as possible.

WORD On the page Not on the page
Culture Π
Curve Π
Cupful Π
Curry Π
Culinary Π
currency Π

1. (a) Culinary (b) Culture (c) Cupful

(d) Currency (e) Curve (f) Curry

2. (a) Spice (b) Spike (c) Spine

(d) Spiral (e) Spit

3. (a) parallel (b) paralyse (c) paraphrase

(d) paratroops

4. (a) buttermilk (b) cardomon seeds (c) chillies

(d) cinnamon (e) coriander (f) dennepitjies

(g) gharum masala (h) paprika (i) turmeric

My own dictionary

Suggested assessment

Spelling 5 (5 words)

Alphabetical order 5 1 for each word in the correct place

Meanings 5 These must be completely correct as they may be copied from the dictionary

Presentation 3 3/2/1

Guide words 2 The first and last word in their list will be the guide words


Again, allow the learners to do some reading silently or aloud – such a good skill to learn!

The Competition

1. Mila shared her curry secret with Frieda.

2. She would be on a ship. “Cruise” shows this.

3. They celebrated 100 years of business.

4. Frieda had torn the competition from Mr Smith’s magazine. He must have found out that she had done it.

She trusted him to keep their secret and they knew he would be able to help them with the formalities.

5. They were very excited at first. They lost hope of winning. Mila became depressed.

6. She thought Mila was born evil and naughty.

7. (a) True: “parents enjoyed their eternal rest.”

(b) False: “the family mutt”; “the spotty mongrel’

(c) False: “Southern Hemisphere”

(d) False: “Gram never used notes or measures”

(e) True: ’”Mila would assist . . . inherited pearls of herb-wisdom”

(f) False: ”cast the warning eye/”

(g) True: ”Scorching tongue . . . inherent evil”

8. Who? Mila, Frieda, Sara and Gram

Where? Cape Coast


Learners do need to know how to read a recipe. This is cooking literacy!

1 dessertspoon cooking oil 10ml cooking oil
3 dessertspoons flour 4,8g flour
1 tablespoon hot curry powder 7,2g hot curry powder
teaspoon salt 2,4g salt
1 teaspoon ground ginger 2,4g ground ginger
1 teaspoon tumeric 2,4g tumeric
1 cup milk 250ml milk
2 teaspoons of lemon juice 10ml lemon juice
1 lbs stewing mutton 480g stewing mutton
2 onions 2 onions
Oven temperature 375F Oven temperature 190ْC


Go over the notes with the class and make sure they all understand the rule.

Possession Exercise

  1. boys’ jackets
  2. mongrel’s ears
  3. herbs’ smell
  4. Gram’s recipe
  5. families’ destination
  6. apron’s swift motion
  7. bees’ sting
  8. potatoes’ colours
  9. Shamila’s presence
  10. naartjie’s secret

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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