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What proof do you have that the group was versatile? Quote from the passage correctly.

Why does one write ‘The group is . . .’ and not ‘The group are . . .’?

Past tense verbs are normally formed by adding a suffix.What is the past tense verb of the following?

  • mumble
  • open
  • discuss


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
ListeningThe learner is able to listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wider range of situations.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 listens for specific information:
1.3.1 takes own simple notes;
1.3.2 uses information to complete a table or chart, or label a diagram.
LO 2
SpeakingThe learner will be able to communicate effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.
We know this when the learner:
2.1 translates and interprets:
2.1.2 translates or interprets messages;
2.2 interacts in additional language:
2.2.1 uses language for a range of functions;
2.4 debates social and ethical issues by arguing persuasively and responding critically:
2.4.4 expresses opinions and supports them with reasons;
2.5 is interviewed by someone:
2.5.1 anticipates the questions that will be asked and prepares for them;
2.5.2 answers questions.
LO 3
Reading and ViewingThe learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads a text:
3.1.1 identifies purpose, audience and context;
3.2 understands some elements of poetry and of the terms used to describe this language:
3.4 reads for information:
3.4.1 reads information texts;
3.4.2 reads diagrams, graphs and charts of increasing complexity;
3.4.4 summarises information.
LO 4
WritingThe learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.1 writes to communicate information:
4.1.1 writes longer texts of several paragraphs, describing processes and procedures, giving explanations, advantages, disadvantages, arguing for and against;
4.1.3 does a survey and writes it up (e.g. as a report);
4.4 writes creatively:
4.4.2 shows development in the ability to write stories, poems and play-scripts (e.g. by working with design);
4.6 treats writing as a process:
4.6.1 drafts, reads and discusses own writing critically;
4.6.3 uses knowledge of grammar, spelling, etc., to edit.
LO 5
Thinking and ReasoningThe learner will be able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language and literacy across the curriculum:
5.1.1 understands some concepts from other Learning Areas and uses the vocabulary associated with them in the additional language (e.g. “xenophobia” in Social Sciences);5.1.2 writes texts required in other Learning Areas (e.g. reports and explanations in Natural Sciences);
5.2 uses language for thinking:
5.2.1 asks and answers more complex questions;
5.2.5 draws conclusions;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways:
5.3.1 selects relevant information and takes notes (organises key ideas under headings and sub-headings, uses layout such as capital letters and underlining).
LO 6
Language Structure and UseThe learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret text.
We know this when the learner:
6.3 understands and uses direct and indirect speech.



As this module deals with group work, it is essential to get this right from the start. So go through the process of group work, almost in slow motion, so that they understand the dynamics FULLY. THEN put what you have taught them into practice with the next exercises and consolidate what you have told them about group work.


Here the essence is confidence in communication and class discipline – also group work. While someone is busy in the front of the class, the rest of the class should pay attention and respect his right to speak. So, disturbances go against the grain of group work. THIS should be understood.


Charades is always fun, as it allows learners to speak English freely and you can make sure that the learners understand where the break comes in syllables and so gain extra information. This helps with hyphenating words correctly.


Learners need to know how to read correctly and how to skim-read.


Let them do this as a language test. They should be familiar with the passage!

They should be encouraged to SEE HOW to answer questions – these skills are useful in an examination e.g. to give a full answer etc.

They should realize the difference between words and phrases, as they occur.

They should look for other mnemonics and share them among the learners in the class.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11061/1.1
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