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But at Orlando the police had guns. They told us to disperse, threw teargas and let the dogs loose. I remember thinking: “What’s going on?” I got teargas in my eyes, …pulled into the shrubbery of a nearby house…

… I turned and saw Hector walking towards me down the street. He saw me and I called: ‘Hey, what are you doing here?’ He just put his head on his shoulder and smiled. Suddenly I heard a gunshot; we raced back to hide. I looked around and asked ‘Where’s Hector?’…

Then there was another shot…

Then I noticed a ring of boys, carrying another boy… As they passed I saw blood on the boy’s shoe, which I recognised as Hector’s. I shouted: “That’s my brother.” Then Mbuyisa came from nowhere, pushed us out the way, grabbed Hector and started running...Hector was still alive in Mbuyisa arms. A car stopped and the reporter inside said we should take Hector to a hospital.

Hector was dead. Today, I see Hector as a hero. Now that our hearts are healed, we can see how his death changed things. I’ve often asked why he had to die, but now we see the reason for it. We can no longer blame anyone. I’m not angry anymore – we lived under apartheid for so long, why be angry now? Patience has its own rewards.’

(From: Marie Claire , June 1998)

SOURCE F:

EVIDENCE given by Sam Nzima to the Commission of Inquiry into the riots at Soweto, 21 September 1976.

Immediately after I arrived there, I saw two students fall down with a bullet. Two students were shot down.

You actually saw them being shot down? I saw them falling.

And then? They were taken by some motorist to Baragwanath Hospital.

How many were then taken to hospital? Two that time. I left Moffat, I ran to the other corner, then I met a man who was wearing an overall, with a girl accompanying him, carrying a boy of about 8 or 10 years of age.

Did you later find out that it was Petersen? I saw this in the papers, because Sophie Tema followed them to the clinic where he was certified dead, then she got the name there.

Who took the picture of him being carried away by some man? I took the picture.

You did take it? That is correct.

Lo 2:the learner is able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding

1 . Study Source A. What was the cause of this terrible event illustrated in Sources C, D and E? Motivate your answer with evidence from Source A.

Lo 1:the learner is able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present

2 . Study Source A. Find evidence in the source to prove the Minister did not think that the situation was serious enough.

3. Study Sources F and C. Which one will be the most accurate version of the event given by Nzima? Motivate your answer.

4 . Do you agree with the words of Nelson Mandela? Motivate your answer with evidence from the sources and your own knowledge.

Lo 3the learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of historical interpretation

5 . Study Sources E, C and D. Imagine you were the photographer. How would you have experienced such an event?

6 . Study Source E. You ran alongside Antoinette Sithole. Write a paragraph on what you saw happening in the streets of Soweto on 16 June 1976.

Assessment

Learning outcomes (LOs)

LO 1

Historical investigation

The learner is able to use research skills to investigate both the present and the past.

Assessment standards (ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.1 investigates a topic by asking key questions and identifies a variety of relevant sources to explore this topic [finding sources];

1.2 asks significant questions to evaluate the sources (e.g. to identify bias and stereotypes, omissions and gaps) [working with to sources];

1.3 analyses the information in sources [working with sources];

1.4 presents an independent line of argument in answering questions posed, and justifies (using evidence) the conclusions reached [answering the question];

1.5 communicates knowledge and understanding by constructing own interpretation and argument based on the historical sources; uses information technology where available and appropriate [communicating the answer].

LO 2

Knowledge and Understanding of History

The learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of history.

We know this when the learner:

2.1 places events, people and changes in the periods of history studied within chronological framework [chronology and time];

2.2 identifies categories of cause and effect (e.g. immediate and long-term, direct and indirect) [cause and effect];

2.3 explains and analyses the reasons for and results of events in history [cause and effect];

2.4 recognises that change and development does not always mean progress [change and continuity].

LO 3

Interpretation of History

The learner is able to interpret aspects of history.

We know this when the learner:

3.1 understands the contested nature of content, and that historians construct histories when writing about events from the past [source interpretation];

3.2 constructs an interpretation based on sources, giving reasons for own interpretation [source interpretation];

3.3 analyses issues which influence the way history has been written [influences on interpretation];

3.4 explains the ways in which symbols are used to remember events and people from the past, and how oral histories can contribute to our understanding of the symbols [representation of the past].

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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