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Activity 1:

To acquire knowledge and answer questions

[lo 1.1; 2.1]

Use the previous acquired knowledge and your atlas to answer the following questions on the physical features of South Africa.

What do you understand under the physical features of a country?

On what kind of map would you study the physical features of a country?

Use your atlas and find out in which two regions the coastal plain is at its widest:

_____________ and _____________

Which do you think is best: an unbroken coastline, or a broken one?

Give a reason for your answer. Give an example from your atlas of a continent with a broken coastline.

What is meant by the term “escarpment”?

Between which two mountain ranges is the Great Karoo?

________________ and_______________

The Little Karoo is situated between the Outeniqua Mountains and the

________________in the south, and the____________the north.

Find the exact location of Mont-Aux-Sources en Thaba Ntlenyana in your atlas. In which mountain range are these peaks?

What is meant by the term “watershed”?

How, do you think, does the plateau’s altitude above sea level influence the temperature in the interior?

Other mountain ranges

  • The Cederberg Mountains in the northwest, and the mountain ranges that lie between the coastal plain and the southern escarpment, are of special importance. The Drakenstein , Hottentots-Holland , Langeberg , and Outeniqua Mountains form the coastal chain (closer to the sea), while the Karoo chain (closer to the escarpment) is formed by the Swartberg and Winterberg ranges. The Soutpansberg and Waterberg Mountains lie to the northeast.

The Lowveld

  • The low-lying region between the Lebombo Mountains and the Drakensberg in the northeast of the country is called the Lowveld.

Activity 2:

To discuss possible solutions for a problem

[lo 1.7; 2.3]

It is the second half of the 17 th century. The first settlers want to explore the interior of the Cape Colony. However, they must first cross the Hex River and Cederberg Mountains. What must they do to overcome the problem?

Work as a group and discuss possible solutions. Make a presentation to the class. Remember that you may only make use of 17 th century technology.


LO 1


The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

  • with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information (including graphs, maps and fieldwork outside the classroom) [finds sources];
  • categorises information;
  • uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];
  • demonstrates knowledge and understanding of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].

LO 2


The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

We know this when the learner:

2.1 identifies and describes major physical features of South Africa, including those of the home province;

2.2 identifies links between natural resources and economic activities in South Africa;

2.3 describes ways in which the physical environment influences human activity and how human activity is influenced by the physical environment.


  • Uneven surface of a country – different land forms
  • Relief
  • NE and SW
  • Broken
  • Natural harbours
  • Europe
  • Where the plateau in the interior begins (continuous mountain range)
  • Swartberg and Nuweveld Mountains
  • Langeberg and Swartberg Mountains
  • Drakensberg Mountains
  • Mountains turn away rain-bearing clouds/winds from the interior – interior drier
  • Cooler

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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