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Grade 4

Map work

Module 2

True north

  • The north side of a map is called the TRUE NORTH, which points in the same direction as the North Pole. Use your globe to see if you can identify the North Pole.
  • Any map should contain an indication of direction. This is done by drawing an arrow on the map pointing north.

TN = True North

  • Open your atlas at a map of South Africa. Check the direction in which the true north arrow on the map points. Move your desks so that they are all facing north.
  • Now your map is ORIENTED What does this big word mean?
  • This merely means that the actual direction is the same as the direction on the map.

Activity 1

To find the location of a place on a map [LO 1.4]

Find the location of Johannesburg on the map of South Africa and then answer the following questions:

1. In what direction do the following towns lie from Johannesburg?

a) Pretoria

b) Bloemfontein

P roblem:

Some of you might have trouble finding the places on the map and the teacher cannot help all of you at the same time.

But there is an easier way!

Your teacher will hang a WALL MAP against the wall that looks just like yours in the atlas.

This wall map also contains a true north line. Now your teacher can indicate on the wall map where the places are situated and you can find them on the atlas map more easily.

Because the wall map hangs against the wall (vertically), North seems to be at the top.

That is not true.

Remember how you marked the main directions in the classroom. If you face NORTHWARDS

- South is BEHIND you;

- East is to your RIGHT (where the sun rises);

- West is to the LEFT (where the sun sets).

ALWAYS use the right names for directions!


Learning outcome 1: geographical enquiry

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and

environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.4 locates places using a simple grid referencing system and directions [works with sources].


To find the location of a place on a map

1. a) NE

b) SW

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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