<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

English first additional language

Grade 4

What a wonderful world

Module 36

Pollution

Activity 1

To read a graph [lo 3.3.4]

THINKING AND REASONING

One of the greatest threats to mankind today is pollution. There are different kinds of pollution. One of the worst is ocean pollution. One must remember that oceans cover more than 70% of the surface of the earth and what happens in a certain part of the sea can influence almost the whole world. Pollution is a problem that directly affects all the organisms in the sea and spoils the natural balance of sea life.

Oil pollution is one of the most dramatic forms of ocean pollution.

Activity 2

To write lists with headings [lo 4.1.2]

In the table below, write down the six headings that you find in the graph, and next to each one, write a short explanation of what it is and how it occurs. The first one is given as an example. Write a heading for the whole table.

HEADING:
Tanker accidents Ship crashes and oil leaks from the ship.Ship breaks up because it is old and oil leaks into the sea.

It is our duty to look after our natural resources, but unfortunately we often destroy precious life because of our greed. Some ships’ owners don’t look after their ships properly and just carry on sending old dilapidated ships to sea. In so doing, they threaten the lives of the crew and pose a threat to marine life.

Until quite recently human beings have – generally speaking – behaved very selfishly towards other creatures and also towards nature in general. They did not think about the consequences of their actions. People are by nature greedy, careless and vain. These characteristics have caused many wonderful animals to become extinct.

Some of the earth’s creatures that have in recent times faced extinction are the right whale, the panda, the wild dog and the rhinoceros. Fortunately programmes have been put in place to save these animals. Some, like the whale, are even being used to promote tourism. Think of the famous Whale Festival that is held in Hermanus every year.

You all know of the dinosaurs that used to roam the earth. You have probably also heard of the ancient mammoths. But have you heard of the dodo?

In 1598 AD (some sources say it was slightly earlier) Portuguese sailors landed on the island of Mauritius, and discovered a previously unknown species of bird that they called the Dodo. As the dodo had never before had any contact with humans, it had no fear of them. It was a gentle creature and was almost like an innocent child as it approached the sailors. They thought it was rather stupid, and that it why they called it a “dodo” (meaning something like “simpleton” in Portuguese).

The dodo weighed up to 14 kg and was very good to eat. Its wings were underdeveloped, so it couldn’t fly. It was, therefore, an easy-to-catch source of food for both sailors and settlers. Later, when other animals like dogs and pigs were introduced to the island, the dodo fell victim to these invaders as well. As the settlers

cleared the forests, the dodo’s natural habitat was destroyed.

By 1681 the dodo was extinct.

Today it is represented in museums by only parts of skeletons. There is one complete skeleton that was compiled from the bones of different individual birds.

Source: (External Link)

Activity 3

To answer and begin to ask more complex questions [lo 5.2.1]

1. Answer the following questions (in full sentences and in your own words) that are based on the previous passage:

(a) Why was it so easy to catch the dodo? Give two reasons.

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

(b) Why wasn’t the dodo afraid of humans at first?

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

(c) In what way, do you think, did the introduction of pigs onto the island affect the dodo’s life?

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

(d) What happens to a creature when its natural habitat is destroyed?

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

(e) How are whales being used to promote tourism nowadays?

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

(f) What does the AD (in 1598 AD) stand for? Do you know the Latin form?

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………

Assessment

Learning outcome 3: reading and viewing

The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.3 reads for information:

  • reads diagrams, graphs and charts (e.g. a family tree).

Learning outcome 4: writing

The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

4.1 writes to communicate information:

4.1.2 writes lists with headings;

Learning outcome 5: thinking and reasoning

The learner will able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

5.2 uses language for thinking:

5.2.1 answers and begins to ask some more complex questions (e.g. “Why…?” “How do you think…?”).

Questions & Answers

mcq creativity involves
Sanjika Reply
send me the answers
Sanjika
mCQ creativity involves
Sanjika
ology means a study of
SharaAmor Reply
is a greek word means soul
SharaAmor
science
Tina
a branch of knowledge
Kanchan
psych means soul and ology means to study.
Wajid
Can someone help me with tha latent functions of different social institutions
Usman
***interestinglydifferenttopics.blogspot.com/2020/10/reflexes-psychological-debate.html Do check this out and please correct me if I'm wrong anywhere in this
Interestingly Reply
Factors that affect learning?
Ofentse Reply
I am struggling with survivors guilt and complicated grief after traumatic death of spouse. how to cope.
Rowdy Reply
Try to talk with someone you trust and join people who makes you feel worthy. try to help someone. Helping someone makes you feel better
sherlock
I think you must seek professional help.
Swarada
I am extremely sorry for your loss...I know that the pain of your loss is overwhelming and that you are experiencing all kinds of difficult and unexpected emotions. please don't get me wrong but the best way to cope is to move on..i know its hard..but that's the only way..(continued.)
Princess
stop burdening yourself with thoughts that say you could have done something..you couldn't..your just a human being and you cant always be a superman who saves the day..please dont feel guilty when you have no reason to..(cont.)
Princess
learn to love yourself again..learn to live ..for yourself,for the people who love you and need you in their lives.live for people who you once loved...Think about how you can make your life meaningful once again.It might seem impossible but trust me its necessary ..
Princess
Let your feelings of pain out ..you dont have to suffer ..talk to people whom you trust and love. take care and have a beautiful life ahead.
Princess
First and foremost -- Wow Rowdy! You have been through a highly difficult situation in your life, hands down. As a wife, I simply cannot phathom nor imagine slightly the feelings and thoughts you bare and I'm sure as these words do not help and hit rewind; my heart and prayers are going out to you-
Stephanie
today. I will say as well, everything you are feeling and going through, please know that these feelings and thoughts are all allowed, it is okay for you to find yourself feeling or thinking things that you would never find yourself wanting especially given the situation. I'm sure you question --
Stephanie
yourself, which in turn could make you question who you are right now and what this means for you as a person now and in the future. This is all okay, but there will have to be an understanding as to how to grow from these feelings and thoughts in a more humane manner l as these feelings and ---
Stephanie
thoughts could take a turn for a much more negative outcome as you find yourself trapped in a darkness that, if strong enough, trials and tribulations take years of complex development and experience, less strong minded individuals sometimes either never find the light, or end up being stuck in ----
Stephanie
a subconscious netherworld as they are consumed given the manipulation that was not understood to overcome. It results in losing all sense of heart, faith, soul and intelligence so that you don't grow, which in your case, growth is crucial. This is what your spouse will do their best in trying -----
Stephanie
to guide you through; keep an your senses wide open so that you can learn when she is trying to communicate.
Stephanie
What is meant by politics of intelligence? Please guide about this article.
Ali Reply
***scholar.google.com/scholar?q=politics+of+intelligence&hl=en&as_sdt=0&as_vis=1&oi=scholart#d=gs_qabs&u=%23p%3D_ckggUkdkPUJ
Angela
Thanks angela
Ali
Can u please explain it to me in your words?
Ali
Information about child psychology
Mohammed Reply
what is this
Maryam
any theory recommendations about socialization?
Geo
help me please:<
Geo
actually I don't know
Maryam
I badly need some for my research :<
Geo
But I need that😥
Mohammed
***courses.lumenlearning.com /boundless-sociology/chapter/theories-of-socialization/
Jobin
branches of psychology
QSN Reply
neuropsychology
jeddy
behaviorism
Mira
Legal psychology
Miljana
Developmental psychology, Sports psychology , Clinical psychology , Marketing psychology , counseling psychology , Biological psychology, Educational psychology , Positive psychology etc.
Swarada
child.psychology
Nss
social, occupational psychology
jeddy
what does it mean when the temporal lobe is anterior to occipital lobe
John Reply
the cortex refers to what part of the brain
John
the cortex refers to what part of the brain
John
cerebral cortex
jeddy
behind?
jeddy
in what time of situation is training most useful?
marjelee Reply
during bad experience
Nyakuei
i think its not about suitation, its about the thing tatz need training.
gokul
training is possibly warranted for all situations.
rhoda
I would think that training should be an ungoing thing. That's before, during and after. just in case there's a reoccurrence
Angela
any time
Aaronz
what is Karma
ana Reply
I think the summation of good and bad deeds you do in your life. Accidentally or otherwise.
Swarada
Yes. I totally agree.
ana
And if it is bad then the root must have been too.
ana
Yes , In Hinduism we also believe that our parent's Karma also applies to us ! Don't know about that , but it kept people in check .
Swarada
Adding to Swarada point. karma can be good or bad. both will have consequences. karma is biasedness you have shown in your life. like a king could not have two rules for normal man and his son, that comes under karma.
Sujeet
Oh perfectly said!
Swarada
Ok. It is also said that when one does something... bad or good..it will come back to you 10 folds of the same.
ana
yea that too ! I remember my mother always said if u stole someone's 10 rupees ur 100 will be stolen ( excuse my English ! I'm a non - English speaking person)
Swarada
karma is nothing but what one usually mean when they say- what you sow, so shall you reap.
Alisha
certainly
Crazy
more important.. this concept was told by lord Krishna as part of spirituality, to focus on your good deed ,the purpose you are born for and your responsibilities. Not for hoping that bad will happen with people who made you feel bad. just giving example ;)
Sujeet
karma is the boomerang of your actions. what u put out in the universe u get back
David
Who is the founder of psychology
Daryl Reply
Wilhelm wundt
Amanda
Wilhelm Wundt
Sneha
William wundth
Ihrar
Wilhelm Wundt
Megha
and William James
Amanda
Wilhelm Wundt
adam
Wilhelm Wundt is the founder of structuralism
Angela
Yes and also the "Father of Psychology" I think the correct word is Father not Founder.
Swarada
oh ok. noted
Angela
i believe it goes beyond him I believe it is Ancient but un formalized
David
I like your answer Swarada
David
Oh thanks! But u summarised it well!
Swarada
what is up my fellow psych peeps!!
what are some academic research on developmental psychology
Chezy
Sawrada Founder of Psychology is W.Wundt but Father of Psychology is Sigmund Freud...
Wajid
what are some good schools to study psychology?
Enjoy Reply
George Mason, Penn State, UVA, university of Michigan
Jasmine
Hi I'm currently doing my experimental psychology research can you suggest a topic or research topic for my research thank you and please see 😊
Jerico Reply
Hello Jerico. I could help you out with some ideas if you're interested!
Yasmine
can u give me some ideas too?
Geo
For sure. It depends if you're trying to do an experiment (using statistics probably) or a case study what are you aiming for?
Yasmine
Hello Jerico. Try to opt for something simple and easy to do. I wouls say perhaps study the effects of color on concentration? You could get a group of people and have them take a memory test (you can find some online) in a white room for example. Then have them take another memory test
Yasmine
similar to the first one but in a different room and then you check the responses if the performance is better
Yasmine
but you have to know that a lot of factors will interfere in the performance such as mental state etc so make sure to choose a certain specific population. that's very important
Yasmine
you could be a bit more specific about it , to isolate the variables that can mess it up like age, sex, etc... you gotta take that into account
Yasmine
so that the results get somewhat accurate
Yasmine
that is very detailed information I really like it thank you very much 😊 your so very kind
Jerico
You're very welcome
Yasmine
what are your interests in general?
Yasmine
Althogh I'm persuing botany and engineering.... but I also want to study human behaviour and psychology.... I would like if anyone can share their knowledge with me !!!!
Crazy
I'm interested on effect of electroconvulsive therapy on people having a depression
Jerico
What is Electroconvulsive therapy?
Pixeled
Astral Projection
Mansi
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment that is most commonly used in patients with severe major depression.
Jerico
What are the expected dutties functions and responsibilities of a head of an agency based on the principles, Practice of industrial psychology?
Paul Reply
what are the psychological characteristics expected from an employee wether regular or occupying a position?
Paul
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'English first additional language grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask