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Economic and management sciences

Grade 8

Sustainable growth and development

Module 8

Savings and investment

SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT

When you have completed this section, you will be able to discuss the importance of savings and investment opportunities.

What is the meaning of SAVINGS in regard to economics?

SAVINGS can be regarded as that portion of your income that is not used to satisfy your needs . This means that it is the portion of your income (or pocket money) that you “put away”. The “surplus” might be kept in a piggy bank (where it earns no interest) or it can be deposited in a savings account with in a financial institution (where it will earn interest) as an investment.

Activity1:

Personal savings

SELF:

Provide reasons for why you might decide to put away pocket money rather than use it immediately.

Note : You may decide for yourself where you are going to “put it away”.

Submit a written account of your decisions (one page).

The implication for the PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL is that he or she, by saving, refrains from spending the money on consumer goods and services, or the postponement of satisfying needs to a later occasion. As explained above, such a surplus may be “hoarded” or deposited with a financial institution.

Activity 2:

Savings and the private individual

SELF:

Provide possible reasons why private individuals may decide to postpone satisfying of needs to a later date:

for the PRODUCER, saving implies the portion of his production that is not made available for consumption, or the production surplus that is not consumed.

Activity 3:

Saving and the producer

SELF:

Why would a producer decide against making all of his production available? Suggest reasons:

In the simplest form, SAVINGS can be represented as:

SAVINGS = INCOME - CONSUMPTION

The portion of income that is not spent on consumer goods (i.e. savings) and is deposited with financial institutions is made available to clients (or enterprises) who wish to utilize the funds for further production. The money is also made available to producers or industrialists who want to extend their production capacity, i.e. who want to INVEST in capital goods such as buildings, machinery, etc.

please note: Capital goods include all goods that are used to produce consumer goods, and, possibly, capital goods as well.

Activity 4:

Consumer and capital goods

SELF:

Explain the difference between consumer goods and capital goods. Make use of examples.

Give examples of consumer goods that are capitol goods as well.

Activity 5:

Capital goods and investment

Group:

Select an enterprise or enterprises from your immediate environment and describe all the capital goods that have been acquired as an INVESTMENT to make production viable.

Provide a report for presentation to the class.

LO 2.3

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LOs
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect critically on related processes.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner :
2.1 investigates and describes how the national budget is used to influence growth and redress economic inequalities;
2.2 investigates how the RDP could have been used to stimulate economic growth and restructuring (e.g. capacity building jobs);
2.3 discusses the importance of savings for investments;
2.4 investigates and reports on how technology can improve productivity, economic growth, living standards, etc.

Memorandum

Synopsis of module

Assessment standard 2.3:savings and investment

ACTIVITY1: PERSONAL SAVINGS

SELF:

  • Learners are required to provide reasons for their own inclinations to save

ACTIVITY2: SAVINGS AND THE PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL

SELF:

  • learners are required to provide possible reasons for savings by private individuals.

ACTIVITY 3: SAVING AND THE PRODUCER

SELF:

  • learners are required to provide possible reasons for saving with regard to the producer.

ACTIVITY4: CONSUMER AND CAPITAL GOODS

SELF:

  • CONSUMER GOODS:

food, clothing, car, house, furniture, etc.

  • CAPITAL GOODS:

machinery in factories

refrigerators in butcheries

furnaces at ISCOR

trucks belonging to Pickfords

cement mixers of building contractors

  • Examples of consumer goods that are capital goods as well;

company car that is used for private excursions on Sundays, but for promoting sales during the week (by a representative of the company)

cell phone that is used for private as well as for company calls.

ACTIVITY 5: CAPITAL GOODS AND INVESTMENT

GROUP:

  • form groups and provide assistance with identifying appropriate enterprises from the immediate environment. Facilitating awareness of the differences between consumer and capital goods and recognizing the differences as important in this activity.

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11040/1.1
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