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Technology

Grade 8

Food processing

Module 10

Safety and first aid in the kitchen

ACTIVITY 1:

To be able to name and apply the rules regarding safety in the kitchen.

  • There are a number of dangers in the kitchen. There are various places and utensils that can cause injuries if not used with the necessary care. It is extremely important that rules regarding safety in the kitchen be followed. These include, for example, that stoves should be used correctly and that safety rules regarding electricity be applied.

4.1 Give ten general rules for safety in the kitchen.

4.2 Give three safety measures for when you use a stove.

4.3 Give three safety aspects regarding electricity in the kitchen.

LO 1.12

ACTIVITY 2:

To be able to describe and apply basic first aid.

  • First aid is the immediate treatment of an injured or ill person by means of the aids available. Today, restaurant and hotel staff are required to undergo first-aid training. It is also important that there is a first-aid kit in the kitchen. Quick and effective treatment can promote rapid recovery, prevent the condition of the injured person from deteriorating and can, in some cases, even save lives.
  • There are two incidents that occur regularly in the kitchen: cuts and burns.

5.1 Name two ways in which blood loss can be slowed down in the case of a cut.

5.2 Name two types of burns and describe how you would treat each one.

5.3 Name three precautions that can be taken to prevent burns and scalding in the kitchen.

5.4 Study the picture below and identify all the possible risks to hygiene and safety. Also give recommendations on how these risks could be prevented.

LO 1.12

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technology.
This is demonstrated when the learner:
makes:1.9 develops a plan for making that outlines all of the following:
  • resources needed;
  • sketches showing the necessary dimensions or quantities;
  • all steps necessary to making the product (makes);
1.10 chooses and uses appropriate tools and materials to make products by measuring, marking, cutting or separating, shaping or forming, joining or combining, and finishing different materials accurately using appropriate techniques;
1.12 uses safe working practices and shows awareness of efficient ways of using materials and tools;

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1

1.

  • Keep sharp knives out of children’s reach.
  • Cut away from yourself when using a chopping-board.
  • Do not allow pets in the kitchen.
  • Keep curtains away from the stove.
  • Do not wear garments with long or wide sleeves when you work at the stove.
  • Mark containers that contain foodstuffs and cleaning agents clearly.
  • Mark poisons clearly and keep them out of reach of children.
  • Roll broken glass in layers of newspaper before placing it in a rubbish bin.
  • When passing a knife to someone, present it with the handle pointing towards the recipient.
  • Do not run and play in a kitchen.

2.

  • Turn pot or pan handles away from the edge of the stove.
  • Do not leave the kitchen while there is hot oil on the stove.
  • Use dry potholders, not wet cloths.
  • If oil should start burning, place a lid on the container; do not pour water on oil.
  • Lift the lid of a pot in such a manner that the steam escapes away from you.

3 .

  • Do not use damaged electrical cords.
  • Turn power off after use.
  • Do not handle appliances with wet hands.
  • Keep electrical cords away from hot appliances.
  • Have repair work done by qualified person.

ACTIVITY 2

1 . Apply pressure to the wound.Keep the wound high.

2. Burn wounds caused by dry heat, e.g. flames.Burn wounds caused by moist heat, e.g. steam and boiling water. Treatment Reduce the heat by applying ice or cold water to the affected area as speedily as possible.

3. Sleeves must be rolled up at all times.Use a thick, dry cloth with which to handle hot utensils.Pan or pot handles should not protrude from the edge of the stove.A fire blanket and fire extinguisher should be kept in every kitchen.

4. The sketch is a summary of all the safety measures that have been dealt with thus far. Allow a class discussion on the learners’ contributions.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 13, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11052/1.1
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