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 The opposite is true of the country to which these people migrate. Immigrants of this calibre are an asset to their new country.

 Could this be the reason why the population of the USA is so enterprising?

2. Wars and upheavals in the Great Lake area and how conflict and war affect the population of the countries of central Africa

War is the most important event that disrupts populations, and obstructs development.

During the last four decades Africa lost approximately eight million people in violent conflict situations during thirty civil wars. Since the beginning of the nineties of the previous century more than four million people died, 24 million were uprooted in their own countries and 18 million fled across the borders of their country.

The countries of the Great Lakes area were affected the most.

  • October 1993: a war broke out in Burundi in which as many as 300 000 people would die during the following ten years. 840 000 citizens of Burundi lived as refugees in neighbouring countries by 2002, mostly in Tanzania. The Tanzanians who experienced a shortage of resources, were not very pleased with the situation.
  • 1994: War broke out in Rwanda between the Tutsies and Hutus (the same two ethnic groups who also fought against each other in the neighbouring Burundi). Eventually approximately 500 000 people died in Rwanda before peace was made.
  • 1998: Soldiers from Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda attacked the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In the war that ensued 3,3 million people were killed.

Activity 3:

To do research on the effects of conflict and war on populations in central africa

[lo 1.5]

Research the following and complete:

a) The following lakes of Central Africa are called the Great Lakes because of their size:

b) The states situated in this area are:

Conflict and war in Central Africa are responsible for more than the loss of lives:

  • During a state of war or civil war, medical services and drought relief cannot be executed efficiently where the need arises. The result is that famine and disease take a bigger toll than in times of peace!
  • Thousands of children are orphaned.
  • Children often serve as soldiers.
  • Human rights are violated as a matter of course.
  • Millions of people end up in refugee camps for years.
  • Economies suffer, because funds are used for war purposes instead of development.
  • Infrastructures are destroyed.
  • Agricultural development comes to a standstill.
  • As a consequence of these wars, the biggest future threat to the countries in question is probably the large number of youths who are left without schooling, jobs or any expectations for the future. This is an extremely dangerous situation!

Activity 4:

To give an informed description of the effects of war on the population

[lo 3.4]

  • Once war and conflict ends, a country must rescue what is left!

a) Using the above information, take your time to think on these matters. Add your personal insights and describe the population of a country at the end of a twenty year period of armed conflict.

b) If you were the secretary general of the United Nations, what would you do to prevent this type of war (and its consequences) in Africa?

c) You are the minister of population development and education of a country when a twenty year period of war has come to an end. What steps would you take to counter the damaging effects of war on the population to the best of your ability?


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
GEOGRAPHICAL ENQUIRYThe learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.
Assessment standards(ASe)
We know this when the learner:
1.2 organises and interprets information relevant to the enquiry from simple graphs, maps, and statistical sources [works with sources];
1.5 uses information to suggest answers, propose alternatives and possible solutions [answers the question];
1.6 reports on the inquiry using evidence from the sources including maps, diagrams and graphics; where possible uses computers in the presentation [communicates the answer].
LO 3
EXPLORING ISSUESThe learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 identifies challenges to societies and settlements, with focus on population growth and change [identifies the issue];
3.2 identifies the factors that contribute to population growth and change [factors affecting the issue];
3.3 identifies processes that affect population growth and change in various places [factors affecting the issue];
3.4 suggests ways of responding to issues associated with population growth and change in a particular context [makes choices].





Activity 2:

a) b

b) c

c) b

d) a

e) b

f) a

g) c

h) a

i) b

Activity 3:

a) Great Lakes: Victoria






b) Countries in the region: Kenya





Activity 4:

a) disrupted families: breadwinner absent, orphans

children who did service as soldiers, cannot be “normal”

people not equipped for the future: few skills or education

b) send a peace task force to the region

try to negotiate a long term political solution

offer development aid: develop resources so that people/countries are not forced to loot and plunder for survival

c) take care of orphans

“re-educate” the child soldiers

allow people to develop various skills

do everything possible to create jobs

supply suitable accommodation (where parental education can take place)

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11021/1.1
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