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Natural sciences

Grade 4

Planet earth and the universe

Module 48

Life at the north and south poles


Talking about life in the polar regions

[lo 1.2]

Animal life at the north pole (the arctic)

Wolves, bears, squirrels and small birds live in the forests and in the summer the caribou, which is a sort of American reindeer, migrates to the north where it lives off wild plants.

Musk oxen live off the tundra throughout the year. They defend themselves from attacking wolves by standing in a tight circle.

In the winter most of the animals hibernate. Bears sleep in their lairs for most of the time and the squirrels curl up in their snug holes. They eat sufficient amounts of food in the summer to provide their bodies with energy through the winter.

Walruses also live here. They are family of the seals. They are mammals that are born live and drink from their mothers.

Polar bears are among the largest animals in the world. They have a thick, soft layer of hair against the skin and longer hair that forms a layer of fur over it.

Animal life at the south pole (antarctica):

The albatross is one of the largest of all the seabirds, and also lives at the South Pole. These birds fly over the sea looking for food in the water.

The largest animal in the world, the blue whale, lives in the waters of Antarctica. It grows to a length of 30 metres.

Very few types of animals live in Antarctica, but in the summer months seals and penguins go there to breed. The young are safe because there are relatively few predators to catch them.

Many different kinds of penguins live at the South Pole. The largest is the emperor penguin that can grow up to one metre in height. These birds cannot fly but they do swim very well.

How do people survive at the poles?

The Inuit people live in the Arctic region. They keep warm by wearing clothes made of animal skins. They live in small villages where it is necessary to melt ice to obtain water in winter.

They hunt to obtain food and live in ice huts called igloos. They build circles of ice blocks on top of each other, making the circles smaller and smaller until they form a dome. The spaces in between the blocks are filled with snow.

Another group of people, the Saami, lives in Lapland. They are well known for keeping reindeer for milk, meat and fur. They enjoy wearing traditional clothes when taking tourists for rides on snow sleds.

But these people work in factories nowadays and live in houses made from stone and wood. They wear modern clothes and ride around on snowmobiles.

Write a paragraph of 150 words on how animals have adapted to living in Polar Regions.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1 : SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS The learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.2 leads investigations and collects data.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11096/1.1
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