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Geography

Grade 4

The place where we live

(settlements characteristics)

Module 11

Land use

Land use

Activity 1

To identify the different areas in a town/city [lo 1.3, 2.1]

You have discovered by now that your town, suburb, residential area or city is divided into different parts. The area where most of the shops or offices are located, is called the central business core (with businesses, shops and offices). Then there is the industrial area (factories and workshops) and the residential areas (houses and flats). There is a good reason for this division because it would not be acceptable to live next to a factory with all its noise and activities.

What types of buildings do we find in these areas? Fill in the table.

Central business core Industrial area Residential area

Town planning

People who are responsible for designing towns and cities, are called town planners. Apart from determining where suburbs, industrial areas and the central business core should be situated, they must also see that land is made available for churches, schools, recreational areas, sports fields, streets, parking areas, and services such as railway lines, electricity supply, telephone communication, sewerage, etc. There are many aspects that town planners must keep in mind.

On official town or city maps land utilization is indicated in different colours. By means of the various colours, we can determine whether a specific section is used as an area for living or for industrial use.

Activity 2

To compare urban and rural settlements [lo 1.1, 1.3]

This table indicates which colours should be used for the different areas on a land utilization map. Colour the table in the prescribed colours and then colour in the land utilization map in the correct colours.

1. Business Sector (dark blue)
2. Industrial Area (purple)
3. High density occupation (orange)
(not numbered) Single occupation (yellow)
5. Sports and recreation (dark green)
6. Public open space (light green)
7. Agricultural land (dark green outline)
8. Schools (grey)
9. Churches (grey // 45 o black shading)

L and U se M ap

Explanation : To help you to identify land utilization, numbers are used.

All the plots without numbers are for general occupancy (residential areas).

Activity 3

To complete a land utilization map of your own environment [lo 1.1, 1.3]

Make a copy of a street plan of your town or suburb, e.g. the area where your school or home is located. Use only a section of the map. Use the same colours as for the previous activity and complete the land utilization map.

Go for a walk through your town, or try to do it the way you remember it, or from your discussion as a group.

After you have completed your map, you can compare it with a friend’s map.

Activity 4

To make suggestions of how to improve land utilization [lo 1.7, 2.2, 2.3]

  • In many towns and suburbs there is land that has not been utilized properly. It could be a riverbank that has not been developed as a proper recreational facility, or simply not cared for and therefore it is not an attractive nature spot.
  • Identify a neglected piece of land in your environment. Discuss as a group how it could be transformed into a recreational area or a nature reserve. Make a sketch to explain your proposal to your partners. Use the correct colours (look at activity 1 again) to colour in your plan to improve the area, as well as the surrounding area.

Compile the rules that will make it pleasant for people who visit the area.

Our rules

1. ………………………………………………………………………………

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2. ………………………………………………………………………………

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3. ………………………………………………………………………………

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4. ………………………………………………………………………………

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5. ………………………………………………………………………………

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6. ………………………………………………………………………………

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7. ……………………………………………………………………………….

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8. ……………………………………………………………………………….

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9. ……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

10. ………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………

Assessment

Learning outcome 1: geographical enquiry

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and

environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

1.1 identifies information from various sources (maps, atlases, books);

1.3 identifies symbols used in different kinds of maps (including plan view, grids and map keys) [works with sources];

1.7 uses geographical and environmental concepts and terms to report on enquiries in different ways (e.g. writing a paragraph, using a poster, artwork).

Learning outcome 2: geographical knowledge and understanding

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • describes the features of the local settlement, including land uses, and compares them with examples from other places;
  • describes the importance of access to resources and services for people living in settlements;

2.3 describes how basic human needs were met in the past and at present.

Memorandum

Land use

The different areas in a town/city

Central business core Industrial area Residential area
Large office complexes Large factories Flats
Shopping centres Smaller storage places Houses
Businesses Workshops Townhouses
Storage places

Questions & Answers

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Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
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Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Damian Reply
research.net
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sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
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what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
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Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Cied
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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